|The book was under the chair.||Under what?
The chair. The chair is the object of the preposition "under".
|The cat jumped on the table.||On what?
The table. .
|We left before the end.||Before what?
|The bird flew over the house.||Over what?
|It is ten past five.||Past what?
|She dreamed of travelling beyond the stars.||Of what?
|The waste is produced during the process.||During what?
|He argued strongly against them.||Against what?
|They worked for the mayor.||For whom?
|They visited circa 321 BC||circa what?
|The diploma was awarded cum laud.||Cum what?
|He comes everyday except Saturdays.||Except what?
|10 minus 1 plus 2 is 11.||Minus what?
|He did it notwithstanding the risk.||Notwithstanding what?
|She was paid per hour.||Per what?
|We travelled via the underpass.||Via what?
|I was happy with this project vis a vis the other one.||Vis a vis what?
The other one.
prepositions is acceptable, according
|ahead of||We are
releasing the document ahead
|as a consequence of||As a consequence of their discussion, plans were made for the new department.|
|as far as||The
land is clear as far as
|as for||As for
bring all the items as
per our letter.
|as well as||You
can do it as well as
|aside from||Aside from the
earlier matter, we can go ahead.
|because of||Because of the storm, the roads were impassable.|
|by means of||We
will get their by means
|close to||Keep close to the shore.
absence was due to
|except for||Except for Jill,
everyone is welcome.
were far from
|for use in||This is for use in medical products only.|
|in accordance with||This
is quite in accordance
with the regulations.
|in addition to||In addition to
soap, bring a towel.
|in association with||This page is produced in association with Brian.|
|in breach of||He was in breach of our sacred laws.|
|in case of|
|in charge of||He is in charge of the project.|
|in conjunction with||I shall investigate the matter in conjunction with my colleagues.|
|in contrast to||Her response was sharply in contrast to his.|
|in control of||She was in control of the machine.|
|in front of||The cat sat in front of the dairy.|
|in keeping with||This is in keeping with the prevailing paradigm.|
|in lieu of||You
can stay here in lieu of
|in line with||The action taken was in line with our policy.|
|in order to||He measured the quantities in order to avoid error.|
|in place of||Use
this in place of
|in reference to||My work is in reference to previous research.|
|in respect of||There was disagreement in respect of the new plan.|
|in response to||I am writing in response to your letter.|
|in spite of||In spite of the
war, he continued his work.
like the ice cream instead
of the cake.
|on behalf of||I would like to thank everyone on behalf of the government.|
|on top of||On top of the building was a strange, metallic thing.|
|on top of||The
fairy is on top of
the Christmas tree.
|owing to||Owing to the
quarrel, we have not spoken for days.
|prior to||They were always together, prior to their quarrel.|
are welcome, regardless
of race, creed or religion.
|subsequent to||Subsequent to our
discussion, I would like to add some more points.
|Phrasal Verb||Prepositional Verb|
|Stress||In speech you often stress the particle, and your intonation rises.||In speech, you do not stress the preposition and your intonation drops.|
|Meaning||The meaning of the verb changes from its basic meaning.||The verb and the preposition form a single idea. The basic meaning of the verb isn't changed.|
|Noun Phrase||If you write the verb's object as a Noun Phrase, you can write it before or after the particle.||If you write the verb's object as a Noun Phrase, you must place it after the preposition.|
|Pronoun||If you write the verb's object as a Pronoun, you must write the particle after it.||If you write the verb's object as a Pronoun, you must write the preposition before it.|
|Adverb||You cannot place an adverb between the verb and its particle.||You can place an adverb between the verb and its preposition.|
|Pied Pipering||The phrasal verb cannot be pied pipered.||The prepositional verb can be pied pipered.|
|Phrasal Verb||Prepositional Verb|
|Stress||She wrote the project up.||He wrote to his friend.|
|Meaning||write up=compose a report, etc, from notes.||write to= compose and send a letter, etc, to|
wrote the project up.
She wrote up the project.
wrote his friend to.
He wrote to his friend.
wrote it up.
She wrote up it.
wrote him to.
He wrote to him.
wrote the project willingly up.
She wrote the project up willingly.
|He wrote willingly to his friend.|
|Pied Pipering||The project up which she wrote.||The friend to whom he wrote.|