|Function||Example Conjunctions||Example Linking Adverbs|
|When they got there the place was empty and they found no evidence the place had been occupied recently.||and joins the clause before to the one after. It does not indicate any particular relationship between them, and the clauses can be interchanged.|
|There was a bang and the lights went out.||and joins the two clauses, but they cannot be interchanged. It tells us that event of the first clause comes before the event of the second.|
|She had waited all day but couldn't get in to see them.||but joins the two clauses, indicating some contrast between them.|
|You can choose this one or that one, but not both.||or joins the first and the second clauses, indicating an alternative. but joins the second and third clauses, indicating an exception|
|He always studied hard, yet he never seemed to do well.||yet joins the two clauses, indicating a contrast.|
|He felt despondent, for he had searched all day, yet he had not found them.||for joins the first two clauses indicating a cause or reason. yet joins the last two clauses, indicating a contrast.|
he comes, I will be ready.
Before the clock struck seven, they had assembled in the road.
After the sun rises, we will set out on our journey.
Once we have the information, we will begin the analysis.
|place||The city was located where the old castle had been.|
|comparison||They were as
they would ever be.
He was as tall as she was (tall).
|condition||The church bells will
the Vikings land.
Unless we stay till late, we can get a bus home.
she was very popular, she wasn't pretty.
She was a good actress, while he was only a mediocre actor.
He used to be reckless, whereas now he is cautious.
|cause or reason||The bomb went off because
they lit the fuse.
She was annoyed, as they had not completed the work.
All had been forgotten, since it was long ago.
|both...and||He told them both where to go and how to get there.|
|either...or||She could either have one week abroad or two weeks at home.|
|neither...nor||It was neither possible nor advisable.|
|not only...but (also)||She was not only their mentor, but also their friend.|
|Subordinating Double Conjunctions|
|if ...then||If he had told the truth, then he wouldn't be in trouble.|
|scarcely...when||Scarcely had she gone out, when he arrived.|
|hardly...when||He had hardly finished cleaning the car, when they arrived.|
|more...than||No one loves you more truly than I.|
|less...than||He was less a rogue than a fool.|
|so...that||She was so angry that she could have cried.|
|such...that||The place was such a problem in terms of maintenance that he sold it.|