Five Hindrances

In Buddhism, the five hindrances (Pali: pañca nivaranani) are relatively temporary mental states the impede meditation.

They are:

  1. Sensual desire (kāmacchanda): Craving for pleasure to the senses.
  2. Anger or ill-will (byāpāda, vyāpāda): Feelings of malice directed toward others.
  3. Sloth-torpor or boredom (thīna-middha): Half-hearted action with little or no concentration.
  4. Restlessness-worry (uddhacca-kukkucca): The inability to calm the mind.
  5. Doubt (vicikicchā): Lack of conviction or trust.

The Five Hindrances are overcome by Right Effort.