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China Travel: Huanglong Scenic Areau

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Overview

Huanglong Scenic Spot covers an area of 700 square kilometers and consists of Huanglong Headquarters and Munigou. Huanglong Headquarters is mainly composed of scenic spots such as Huanglonggou, Danyun Gorge, Xuebaoding, and Munigou is mainly composed of two scenic spots, Zhaga Waterfall and Erdaohai. It is mainly named after the famous Buddhist temple Huanglong Temple. It is famous for the "four uniques" of colored ponds, snow-capped mountains, canyons and forests. It is the only well-protected plateau wetland in China. It is about 7 kilometers long and 300 meters wide. The calcified gorge, where the mountain is like a dragon, is also called "Hidden Dragon Mountain". Many endangered animals live in this area, including giant pandas and Sichuan mute golden monkeys. Huanglong was listed as a World Natural Heritage by UNESCO in 1992. In 1982, the State Council listed it as a national key scenic spot. It was listed as a natural reserve in Sichuan Province in 1983. In 1991, it was included in the "World Natural Heritage List" by the United Nations. Won the World Biosphere Reserve, Green Globe 21, National Geological Park, National AAAA-level Tourist Area, Melina Merkuri World Cultural Landscape Protection and Management International Honor Award.

Huanglong Scenic Area is located in Songpan County, Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture in Sichuan Province, western China, adjacent to Jiuzhaigou. Huanglong Scenic Area is located at the junction of the three major geological structural units, and its geographical conditions are particularly complex. The entire scenic area has a total area of 1,340 square kilometers, and there are many snow peaks in the area. There are 7 of them above 5000 meters above sea level.

Huanglonggou is backed by Xuebaoding, the main peak of Minshan Mountain, which is covered with snow all the year round, and faces the clear stream of the Fujiang River. At the foot of the Yucui Peak at the top of the valley, the snow water from the mountains and the karst water gushing out of the ground flow together. With the rapid flow rate, undulating terrain, and the blocking of dead branches and rocks, the rich calcium carbonate in the water began to condense, developing solid travertine ridges in the country, causing the water to be retained into large cascades of colored pools connected to each other, drawing the wonder of the Huanglong The first natural picture. During the deposition process of calcium carbonate, it forms different types of travertines with various organic and inorganic substances, as well as various changes in light exposure, resulting in the formation of pools with the same homology and different colors. People call it "colored pools."

Wucai Pond can't contain so many beautiful colors in the paintings, so the water flies and flows all the way, forming another majestic spectacle on the 2.5-kilometer-long ridged slope-Jinsha Pavement. It turned out that in the flooded mountains and rivers, there are layers of milky yellow scaly travertines along the slope. In the sun accompanied by turbulent water waves, the entire valley was shining with gold, and it looked like a huge yellow dragon flying down the snow-capped mountain, and the scaly bulges on the "dragon waist and dragon back" looked like its patches of "dragon armor." This is the reason why Huanglonggou got its name. In the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 AD), the Huanglong Temple was built here to worship the Huanglong. Huanglonggou is well-known both at home and abroad for its natural landscape of "unique, unique, beautiful and secluded."

The pond is one or two acres large, and a few square meters small, like hoofs, palms, water chestnuts, and Baolian, with various poses. The huge water flow roams along the valley, pours into the Tihu color pool, falls layer by layer, passes through the forest, crosses the embankment, and rolls on the beach. The first pool group that entered the ditch is hidden in a lush dense forest, passing through green branches and green leaves, more than 20 colored pools are scattered, shimmering, falling, and the sound of water ding-dong; some pools are pools. Low and low, the pool is overflowing, the banks of the pool are white, the water is blue, and it is colorful under the sunlight. Some lakes are clustered with old trees and old vines, like an eagle spreading its wings, like a tiger descending the mountain, vivid and lifelike; some ponds grow pine, cypress and other trees, either above the water or submerged in the water, graceful, charming, charming, and resembling "Bonsai in water."

Huanglong Scenic Area also has precious animal and plant resources. The more than 1,500 species of higher plants here are mostly unique to China, among which 11 species belong to the first to third levels of national protection. Rare animals include giant pandas, golden monkeys, wildebeests, clouded leopards and other national key protected animals.

Climate characteristics

This area belongs to the plateau temperate sub-frigid zone monsoon climate type. The climate features are: humid and cold, long winters throughout the year, few days in summer, and spring and autumn connected. The annual average temperature is 7℃, sunshine is abundant, morning and evening are foggy, and rainfall is mostly concentrated from May to August each year. The annual average temperature of Huanglong Scenic Area is 5-7℃, the hottest July has an average temperature of 17℃, and the coldest January has an average temperature of 3℃. April-November is the best time to visit Huanglong.


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