The Most Beautiful Baroque Buildings in the World
Baroque architecture was first seen in 16th century Italy. The building style gained popularity and spread through Europe between the 16th and 18th centuries. The architectural influence of the Spanish baroque even managed to spread to Latin America. The initial motivation for the construction of baroque buildings was the Roman Catholic Church’s need to show triumph over Protestant Reformation. One of the main characteristics of baroque architecture is the incorporation of enormous amounts of wealth, whether in the form of ornaments or the use of gold, in its design and construction.
Today, these buildings still attract a considerable amount of attention from the public. Cities, such as Vienna, popularly known for their baroque architecture, attract many tourists. This type of architecture is also a popular topic in learning institutions. It is no surprise that you may be required to write assignments about the history or the characteristic of baroque architecture. If you doubt your prowess in writing on the topic, you can always buy assignments online that uk educational platforms have to offer. You can use a UK service to buy assignment online. It can give you access to many comprehensively written baroque buildings essays. Essays about the history, the characteristics, and the famous baroque buildings are available online and can be customized to meet your assignment requirement.
Some of the famous baroque architectures in the world are discussed below...
1. St. Peter’s Square, Vatican
Apart from being a popular structure among the Catholic Church members, the structure stands out as one of the popular baroque architecture. The structure has eye-catching colonnades with an impressive 140 statues of saints. The building was designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the popular architects of the Baroque era. In addition to fountains, the structure has an ancient Egyptian Obelisk, which was put up in the 16th century, at the center of the square. The symmetrically designed building shows class and wealth at the same time.
2. Palace of Versailles, Versailles
Most baroque architectures are associated with the Catholic Churches and Cathedrals. However, in this case, the Palace of Versailles is a secular type of architecture. The structure, at least most of it, was designed by Jules Hardouin Mansart. The Hall of Mirrors is the building’s most imposing feature. Although there were some alterations in design after the Sun King’s succession, the Palace of Versailles remains as impressive. The Palace of Versailles attracts a great public audience as it has been a public museum since 1837.
3. Karlskirche, Vienna
As mentioned earlier, Vienna is among the popular cities in terms of expression of power and wealth through Baroque design. While there are many baroque buildings in the city, the Karlskirche is one of the most imposing and admired buildings in the area. The beautiful church was commissioned by the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI in the 18th century. Karlskirche was built in commemoration of a major plague outbreak. The architectural design was done by an Austrian architect Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach. The building works were, however, completed under the supervision of his son, Joseph Emanuel.
4. Schonbrunn Palace, Vienna
This is the other secular architecture on the list. The structure was built in the late Baroque style. This architectural masterpiece was also done by the Austrian Architect, Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach. Although it underwent some alteration, the building still stands out as one of Vienna’s landscape. Currently, the palace, which is owned by the Republic of Austria, is a museum, which is open to public viewership.
5. St. Paul’s Cathedral, London
This list would not be complete without the mention of St. Paul’s Cathedral. The structure is widely considered as one of the best manifestations of English Baroque architecture. The structure was built on a site of an earlier church that was brought down after the Great Fire of London in 1666. The building was designed by Sir Christopher Wren, a celebrated English architect. Since the completion of the structure in the 18th century, it remained the tallest structure in London for a long time until 19962. The structure is, however, still one of the greatest tourist attraction sites in London.
6. Zacatecas Cathedral, Zacatecas
This structure is a result of the spread of Spanish baroque to Latin America. The Zacatecas Cathedral in Zacatecas, Mexico, is among the best manifestations of the Mexican baroque architecture. The cathedral basilica was constructed during the 18th century by an unknown architect. Although most of the architectural inspiration comes from the Spanish Churrigueresque, the structure has decorative elements that are indigenous of Mexico. Today, the structure is in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Although the baroque architecture can be traced back to the 16th century, these buildings are still impressive and attractive and have drawn considerable attention from the public and current architects. The history, characteristics, and different types of baroque styles are usually even taught in class. Whether an impressive church or an extravagantly built secular baroque, the designs have managed to incorporate wealthy and eye-catching decoration, which is central to most baroque designs.