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The Challenges of Education in Brazil

Education in Brazil

Brazil, a nation renowned for its vibrant culture and diverse population, faces significant challenges in its education system. Despite being one of the largest economies in Latin America, Brazil grapples with deep-rooted issues that hinder educational progress and equity. These challenges span from inadequate funding and infrastructure to vast disparities in access and quality of education between urban and rural areas. 

Socio-economic inequalities, political instability, and policy implementation inconsistencies exacerbate the educational divide, leaving millions of students without the necessary tools for academic success and personal development.

It is very common for Brazilian students to go to more sites that help with their projects. According to Brazilian educational expert João Pedro Ferreira Santos, “A ajuda para escrever um projeto de pesquisa com exemplos prontos e as dicas sobre como fazer um pré-projeto de TCC se torna mais fácil com sites especializados, devido à facilidade de uso para estudantes e ao subsequente melhor desenvolvimento de práticas diárias.” - Help in writing a research project with ready-made examples and the tips on how to do a CBT pre-project becomes easier with specialized websites due to the ease of use for students and the subsequent better development of daily practices.

Besides the topical problems, there are also the ones that have been constant in the last few years of Brazilian education, such as the decrease in disciplines and the lack of adequate teachers. We are going to look at all the problems that the young population is dealing with in their academic lives.

Low Quality of Teaching

Although the Brazilian education system has many flaws, it does not go unchecked for the most part. The country has two indexes that measure the quality of education: the Basic Education Development Index (IDEB) and the International Students Evaluation Program (PISA).

With only these two indexes, the country has not found satisfactory results for their education; generally, they are lacking and inappropriate.

Besides that, there is also the question of the quality of the indexes themselves; they evaluate the students and system as a whole and don’t look at the particularities of the students, region, or other aspects that may influence the level.

There is a lot of Brazilian research that claims a reevaluation of the learning system, acts upon resolving troubles with reading abilities, and focuses more on the process.


There are a lot of problems with school violence and bullying in Brazilian schools. This discrimination against students is born from the parents and the total and complete prejudice that the country still lives to this day, all the way back from the slavery days. 

Students in Brazil have to deal with prejudice against their race and their economic status. According to Brazil’s Senate, in the years 2022 and 2023, 49 students have died in the school environment. This problem is a high priority for the government since the violence claims have spiked a little over 50% in 2023.

According to Brazil’s Ministry of Human Rights, the main forms of violence that students deal with in school are: 

  • Emotional violence;
  • Embarrassment; 
  • Threats;
  • Bullying.

Lack of Resources 

Brazil has a severe lack of resources; this is something that is apparent in various fields such as health, public security, and, now more than ever, education. Schools cannot offer an environment for safe learning that is suitable for students. 

Since the schools don’t have many resources, it is difficult to invest in infrastructure, equipment, and didactic books. This consequence leads to students being limited in their use of new methodologies, which can improve learning. 

With these few resources, it is obvious that students are also limited in their day-to-day activities and even in their basic learning. For example, Brazil is rich in its bibliography of classics, but over 80% of its students will never come in contact with one of these books in their lifetime. 

Professors are also paid less than what is required for their basic living. With no material, and working over three shifts a day, they have no time to work on an effective education for their students. 

Corruption is a big factor in the lack of resources for Brazilian education. Many of the resources that were supposed to go to education are pocketed by politicians in the country at the city, state, and federal levels. Even though there are a lot of policies that were applied to ensure that those resources were applied to education, they were not enough to ensure that the problems were over. 

 Technology and Innovation 

The use of technology and innovation in education is practically nothing in Brazil; it is necessary to force an education of 5.0 on the whole process. The investment of equipment and infrastructure, training of professors and students should help develop programs and policies to achieve that goal. 

There are a few problems that may come with the challenges of Brazil’s education. Among the factors involved in this are:

  • No investment: The government and schools are not investing enough in tech and innovation; this involves equipment like computers and the capacity of professors. 
  • Lack of Infrastructure: Many schools don’t have access to the internet and tools that are necessary to online education, like programs and video classes. 
  • Inequality: There is no access to technology and innovation in schools of lower income and many races.
  • No capacitation: Professors don’t have the time to study and get better in classes. With no evolution of the topics, it is obvious that this leaves professors on the curve of education. 

Brazil’s Current Level of Education

Modern Brazil’s education has two steps: basic and higher education. Basic education has three levels: nursery school, elementary school, and secondary school. Brazil invests 6% of its GDP in education, while the average for other countries in the Organization for Cooperation and Development (OECD) is 5.5%.

Even so, Brazil ranks 63rd, 59th, and 66th in science, reading, and mathematics, respectively. Brazil ranks 53rd in general education out of 65 countries assessed by Pisa.

Although there are three levels of basic education, it is higher education that sees the most investment from the country. With this specific fact, in the end, students from private schools are going to be attending the public Superior Faculties, which only serves to increase inequality. 

The Crucial Role of Education in Brazil's Future

Education should be able to teach men to live a happier life, increase their health, and provide them with the resources to live a happy and balanced life, according to classical philosophy. 

With a higher level of education, it is also possible to see improvements in various other areas of the country, like economics, culture, government, and even technology. A country with a good education is a base for the development of the whole country because it will decrease inequality, increase the overall richness of the country, and even make it more developed overall. 

Through public policies and investment in education, it is possible to form a whole critical society that is responsible for the present and the future. Education is the main part of the formation of qualified and innovative professionals; this helps stimulate the country's economic and technological development. That is the importance of education, not only for the country but also for the world. 

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