Best Guide to Tree & Shrub Pruning in Winter
Pruning of trees and shrubs requires extreme care and attention. Pruning is done to promote the growth of shrubs and trees, but it needs to be done in the right season. If done in the wrong season, it can inhibit growth and lead to infections.
Some arborists recommend early summer as the best time for spring, while others say that winter is the right season as it promotes growth. Such recommendations put many people in trouble thinking about the right season for the pruning of their trees and shrubs.
The truth about the right season for pruning is that it depends on the type of shrubs and trees. Some shrubs are suitable for pruning in summer, some in spring, and some in fall. The pruning season varies for every plant and shrub. Let us check this guide to pruning trees and shrubs in the winter season.
Trees suitable for pruning in winter
You can prune deciduous trees and shrubs as well as some fruit trees. Maples and magnolias, though, don't want their limbs to feel their secateurs. The only tree pruning you have to do with maples and magnolias is to remove any limbs that are dead, diseased or infested with insects. If not, these dead branches will be lobbied by heavy winds, endangering you and your family.
Selective pruning is a method of the tree and bush pruning that preserves the natural shape of the tree, but it also allows air to circulate and sunlight to reach these woody plants. Some homeowners and tree cutting services, however, believe in topping trees.
The top of the tree leaves the trees unbalanced and hideous. Additionally, you'll see spouts forming on top of the tree rather than branches. Such spouts are delicate limbs that might fall off during a severe storm. So, topping the tree does not damage the fruit, but it weakens it as well.
Selective Pruning for shrubs
Selective pruning is also beneficial for your shrubs. However, to do it correctly, you need to remove the dead limbs first and then trim the shrubs back their natural shape. Abbotswood, Buddleia, Bush roses, Hops, Hydrangeas, Mock orange, Perennial sweet are some examples of shrubs that you can prune in winter.
Roses are also suitable for pruning in winters. You want to cut off mature, dead, or sick canes above the buds. You are recommended to prune roses from mid-June to August unless you live in a very cold area. Then in August, you will wait for trimming them.
Here is the guide to the Pruning of shrubs and trees...
Pruning the buds
Don't prune off the bud too far. It can cause the wood to die between the cut and the bud below, often affecting the bud's health. If the bud does not grow, dying back can lead to the death of the entire stem.
Don't prune too close the flower. It often leads to the bud itself being damaged, endangering its ability to grow into a leaf or flower. Too close to the bud can also cause the branch to die back down the stem.
Cut at the right angle
Do not cut close above a bud. It leaves a pointed stem stub above the bud, which may cause the stem to die back as far as the bud and probably beyond it. Cut just above a flower, then slop away, so any liquid that enters the cut will wash off to avoid rotting. Always use clean and secure dryers to prevent disease spread and ensure that no snagging occurs.
Why is winter the right time for tree pruning?
You can prune trees at any time of the year; however, it varies depending on the plant. In general, late winter is the best time to prune most plants.
- Better access - The winter soil gives the arborist access to spaces and equipment they would not be able to reach otherwise.
- Better visibility - Structural problems are more visible without foliage to obstruct views, making pruning decisions easier. This also reduces damage to plants like perennials and annuals under the story.
- Better growing seasons - In winter, plants are dormant between growing seasons. Which means that fresh wounds will be exposed only for a very short time – until the spring when new growth begins to seal new wounds
- Convenience - On the practical side, it is easy for spring and summer to inundate a homeowner or property manager with outdoor projects. So, why not reserve for winter tree trimming?
These are the tips to prune trees and shrubs in fall or winter. Homeowners who don’t know about pruning should not prune their trees or shrubs as it can harm them. Instead, they should call a professional landscaper for pruning. Consulting a professional landscaping service will ensure the accurate and safe pruning of their trees and shrubs.