Why Do I Keep Getting Cold Sores?
Cold sores, also known as fever blisters, are a form of viral infection. They are small blisters filled with fluid, which typically form around the edges of the lips.
A common characteristic is that they are often formed in groups and look like patches on the lip. Later, after the blisters break and release the fluid inside, they leave a scab that generally goes away after several days and does not leave any scar behind.
Cold sores are spread through physical contact with the herpes simplex virus (HSV-1). Unfortunately, cold sores can be spread even when you cannot physically see the sores themselves. Thus, they are easily transmitted.
There is no known cure for this condition, but there are ways to manage it.
Additionally, some people get a cold sore outbreak only once, while in others, it occurs multiple times. A resurgence in the outbreak is because herpes infection does not completely disappear in your body. Instead, it is present in the nerve cells where it lies dormant.
A recurrence of the cold sores may be caused by:
- Changes in hormone production
- Compromised immune system
- Adverse weather conditions
- Recent dental surgery
Here are some symptoms of cold sores you need to be on the lookout for:
- Blisters on the lips- the blisters are the most apparent indicators of cold sores. They from right around the borders of your lips and can be very uncomfortable. In some cases, they appear on the cheeks or the nose area.
- Itching sensation- this is one of the initial indicators that blisters are about to form. Many patients experience an itch sensation around the border of the lip. After a day or so, the blisters start to form.
- Muscle aches- First-time patients often experience muscle aches, sometimes accompanied by other flu-like symptoms.
- Painful gums
- Sore throat
As much as cold sores do not often necessitate medical interference because they clear up on their own, you might want to see a doctor if:
- The recurrences are very frequent
- You have a compromised immune system.
- There is some irritation in your eyes, as this could be oracular herpes.
Further, if you are wondering if there is any form of cold sore cure, well, there is none. However, cold sores can be managed, and they will heal well on their own given time.
Here are some forms of cold sore treatment:
• Creams and ointments
The pain brought forth by the cold sores might be unbearable and often uncomfortable. You can apply certain creams to help remedy this condition. The ointments are laced with antiviral properties that help suppress the virus.
One such ointment is Denavir. It is best effective when applied in the first few moments after a sore appears.
• Oral medication
Antiviral medications often come in handy in suppressing the herpes simplex virus. Both forms of the virus are manageable with antiviral tablets. Some examples of the medication include; acyclovir, famciclovir, and Valtrex.
Some of the medications mentioned above can only be accessed via a prescription. Therefore, if you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, visit a health practitioner to prescribe the appropriate medication.
• Home remedies
Home remedies help ease the pain and fasten the healing process. One such treatment is placing ice over the affected area. Another remedy would be applying a lip balm that has lemon extract properties over the affected regions.
Some experts also recommend the use of lysine supplements. This is thought to help by reducing the viral load.
Lastly, applying petroleum jelly may help ease up the discomfort. It may not directly impact the infection, but it will go a long way in preventing cracking and act as a barrier to other irritants.
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