When Is Eye Surgery Recommended for Eye Disease?
The advancement of surgical techniques currently allows patients to have access to surgeries for different eye problems. Not every situation, however, can be corrected or indicate surgery — and precisely for this reason, it is essential to know the recommendations for each case.
In addition, one must consider that some diseases have no cure, with eye surgery serving only to contain or alleviate the complications of certain conditions. For you to better understand the subject, see below the cases in which eye surgery is recommended!
Correction of Refractive Errors: A Typical Case for Eye Surgery
A well-known and currently used eye surgery at kraff eye institute lasik eye surgery is laser surgery to correct different refractive errors, such as nearsightedness, astigmatism, and farsightedness. This surgery can apply other techniques and types of lasers. The result is that the patient can become independent, totally or partially, from glasses, contact lenses, and different corrective lenses, which guarantee a better quality of life.
Glaucoma is a condition characterized by increased intraocular pressure. Such enlargement can bring more excellent compression of the blood vessels that nourish the more sensitive visual structures in the back of the eye—in the future, if left untreated, leading to the destruction of retinal nerve cells and the optic nerve. This condition implies the progressive loss of vision and the narrowing of the person's visual field, leading to blindness.
Glaucoma sufferers must be monitored and undergo ongoing treatments to keep intraocular pressure under control. This disease can be treated with the proper use of drops and pills, but surgical intervention may be necessary in some cases. It is worth mentioning that the best treatment here is prevention — the earlier the disease is diagnosed, the less visual loss will be.
The cataract, in turn, is a widespread problem in people over 55 years and consists of a gain of lens opacity, a transparent membrane covering the eye. As this membrane turns white with deterioration, visual acuity is lost, turning the images into blurs and lumps.
In this case, the surgery uses a laser to make incisions and break the cataract while a cannula aspirates the cataract that has already disappeared. An intraocular lens is then implanted to help the patient's vision.
Ocular tumors usually appear in the form of choroidal melanoma, which is a type of intraocular tumor that can lead to metastasis. As they are often asymptomatic, their identification is more complex, which makes surgery the preferred treatment.
The primary surgery is called brachytherapy, in which a radioactive plaque is inserted into the eye so that the vascularization of the tumor is compromised and its growth is impeded. In some cases, however, eye removal surgery may be necessary when other treatment techniques do not work correctly.
Strabismus is characterized by an ocular misalignment that may not impair vision but causes esthetic damage to the patient. Although some cases are corrected with lenses or glasses, surgery may be indicated to correct this misalignment.
The expected result is that the eyes are as aligned as possible, increasing the patient's self-esteem and quality of life. If necessary, surgery can be performed in the future to correct other vision problems. Eye surgery is usually the last option for specific medical conditions. But it can also be the only practical solution in specific eye episodes.
General cases of vision deviation, glaucoma, eye tumors, and strabismus may be indicated for intervention. In the case of cataracts, an operation would be the only solution to correct the problem and ensure a practical improvement in vision. In all cases, the objective of the surgeries is to protect the patient's eye and health and increase their quality of life. The ophthalmologist at kraff eye institute lasik eye surgery is the only one who can guide what the pathology is and what is the correct treatment procedure.