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What Is Gerd Diet? What to Eat in Gerd?

Gerd Diet

A GERD diet is an integral part of treating occasional heartburn, acid reflux, and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease, which is a more chronic disease. The diet focuses on eliminating foods that reduce the pressure of the oesophageal sphincter (SLE), delay gastric emptying and increase stomach acid, increasing the risk of stomach acid flowing into the oesophagus.

There is no single diet for GERD, so you should experiment with the diet to identify and eliminate foods that trigger a burning sensation in the chest or throat.


Sphincter muscle that is present at the bottom of the oesophagus weakens and stays too relaxed causes the GERD when it shouldn't. This allows stomach acid to return to the oesophagus, causing persistent heartburn, coughing, and swallowing disorders. GERD can cause vomiting, breathing problems, narrowing of the oesophagus, and an increased risk of oesophageal cancer in more severe cases.

The GERD diet helps the lower oesophageal sphincter muscle to function better and stay closed after eating, so you will have fewer of these problems.

How it works

The GERD diet helps you:

Try to stay away from all the drinks and foods that make heartburn worse

  • Some foods can control stomach acid production, try those
  • Establish eating habits that can reduce your symptoms.
  • Include a balanced variety of healthy, nutrient-dense foods to help you maintain a healthy weight
  • This is accomplished mainly through food selection, although the size and timing of meals play an essential role.


If you suffer from chronic GERD and have frequent heartburn, you can benefit from the GERD diet if you follow it for the long term. Even if you rarely experience symptoms, familiarizing yourself with the consumption of trigger foods, and monitoring them closely can help prevent symptoms.

This diet can be made more suitable according to someone's taste; the only aim is to focus on foods that are low in acids and fats and prone to irritation. Besides choosing more consistent foods and eliminating or reducing those that are not, it is essential to control your portions, especially if you are overweight.


Citrus fruits like grapefruits or oranges, and for some people pineapples, can trigger reflux because of having acid content.

All other fruits are excellent choices unless they are not suitable for you.


Avoid tomatoes, tomato sauce, and hot peppers. Keep in mind that some people also experience an increase in GERD symptoms after consuming onions or garlic. All other vegetables are excellent options and can help increase fibre.

Whole and crushed grains:

Eat Oats, brown rice, quinoa, farro, 100% whole wheat, wheat bran. Eat a small portion with each meal.

Dairy foods:

Limit whole milk, cream, ice cream, and yogurt with all the fat. Dairy products can increase stomach acid, and high-fat foods can relax the oesophageal sphincter muscle. Choose small portions of light versions or non-dairy dairy products.


Avoid high-fat and very seasoned meats such as bacon, sausage, sausage, hamburger, fried chicken, salami, pastrami, pepperoni.


Please use healthy fats such as olive oil and avocado in moderation. Fried foods such as potato chips and fatty foods or heavy meat sauces should be avoided.

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