Types of Rehabilitation Therapies
Whenever a person suffers from a serious stroke, injury from an accident or any disease in which he or she is not capable of performing certain tasks, the doctor usually refers them to rehabilitation therapies. There are broadly three kinds of rehabilitation therapies which are occupational therapies, speech therapies and physical therapies.
Depending upon the problems faced by the patient, they choose the therapy which is the most beneficial for their condition. Different rehabilitation centers use the therapies for lessening the pain and increasing the functionality of their patients.
Occupational therapies are conducted on people who face difficulties in performing everyday tasks such as brushing teeth, eating food, taking a walk, taking a nap, going to school or office, etc. Those people who want specialized therapy for doing specific work go for occupational therapy.
In occupational therapy, the specialist uses different ways to get people to do their regular tasks. These different ways may include a different way to complete the specific task, the different approaches taken for the task, changing the environment in which the task is undertaken, a different mental approach to understanding the task, helping the person in completing the task, etc.
People of all age groups from the age of 8 to 80 years can opt for occupational therapy, depending on the difficulties that they are facing in completing regular tasks.
- Children who are born with physical disabilities to perform simple tasks like holding the pen and who need assistance in everyday work may go for occupational therapy in order to learn easier ways to do their tasks by themselves.
- Senior citizens who have lost the ability to do their work by themselves due to age-related factors or other issues can also take the help of occupational therapy in making themselves independent to a certain extent.
- Occupational therapy also benefits those teenagers who cannot perform certain tasks because of spinal cord injuries or brain injuries due to accidents. Regular practice and different kinds of approaches can help them do their regular tasks like interviews, submitting applications, movements, etc., by themselves.
As the name suggests, speech therapy helps people in improving the issues that they face while speaking, learning words, swallowing, communicating, fluency while speaking, etc. Usually, speech therapies are undertaken by children who have issues in the above things due to down syndrome, stroke, Parkinson's disease, dementia, etc.
Speech therapists take the help of communication exercises and different kinds of routines in order to make their patients fluent with their tongue. Adults with problems like stroke, cleft palate, cerebral palsy, etc., who face difficulty in swallowing, drinking, communicating, stammering, talking, etc., also take the help of speech therapies.
Speech therapy is a great way to boost the confidence of people who feel shy and are underconfident due to their lack of ability to communicate. With the help of different exercises and mechanics involved in speech therapy, the patient is able to communicate easily and clearly.
Speech therapy uses tactics and different kinds of functions to help their patient in communicating and performing different functions related to their tongue. Some of these common tactics are intervention activities, in which different language drills are conducted to boost the communication skills of their patients, articulation therapy, in which the therapist teaches their patients how to use their tongue and create different sounds by demonstrating themselves, exercises of jaw, lip and tongue which strengthen the muscles inside the throat and the mouth.
Physical therapies are mostly taken by those people who are in pain due to stroke, accident, surgery, serious injuries, arthritis, chronic diseases, etc. Physical therapists provide their patience with services like teaching the use of different devices like walkers. The main motive of physical therapy is to lessen the pain of the patient, improve their movement and provide mental stability in the event of a serious accident.
Once you hire a physical therapist, they start the therapy by reading your condition, heartbeat, how you walk, your posture, etc. Once they understand the level of your problem, they start their therapy by making an adequate plan to lessen your pain and increase your ability to function. Physical therapy usually involves:
- Different kinds of exercises are specifically designed according to your problem, which helps in relieving pain and increasing functionality.
- Learning and practising the use of gadgets, which help you in increasing the movement of your limbs.
- Massages, hot and cold therapies or ultrasounds to lessen the pain of your muscles.
- Different medications for relieving the pain and a balanced diet.
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