Don’t Know About Type 2 Diabetes Complications - Read Now
The human body is designed in a way it regulates and uses glucose (sugar) in energy form. While impairment in this process is known as type 2 diabetes. Complications can affect the function of many major organs in the body.
Mainly type 2 diabetes has two interrelated issues -
- The pancreas doesn’t secrete enough insulin
- Poor response of cells to insulin
Signs and symptoms develop slowly, but type 2 diabetes complications with existing conditions can increase the risk of serious chronic diseases.
Type 2 Diabetes Complications?
- Vision problems
- Kidney disease
- Diabetic ketoacidosis
- Irregular heart rhythms
- Skin conditions
- High blood pressure
- Sleep apnea
- Tooth decay
- Hearing impairment
- Cardiovascular disease
- Foot ulcers
- High blood sugar levels are known as Hyperglycaemia.
- Eating sugar and carbs more than the body’s ability to handle it can cause this condition.
- Hyperglycaemia symptoms - thirst, excessive sugar in the urine, frequent urination, etc.
- Block by a blood clot in the brain is the most common cause of the occurrence of strokes.
- High BP, heart disease, obesity, smoking, high cholesterol levels are other factors that may increase stroke risk.
3. Vision Problems
- Diabetes can cause damage to the retina nerves known as retinopathy.
- High blood sugar levels can also cause glaucoma, cataracts, blurred vision, or even blindness in long term.
4. Kidney Disease
- Persistent spikes in blood pressure and sugar levels lead to kidney disease.
- High blood sugar levels for a long time impairs the kidney’s ability to filter waste.
- It has always been better to keep an eye on high blood pressure and sugar levels.
5. Diabetic Ketoacidosis
- When the body doesn’t have enough insulin this condition occurs.
- Diabetic ketoacidosis can be a life-threatening and dangerous condition.
- In the case of diabetic ketoacidosis, the body starts to break down fat and convert it into ketones.
- These ketones are a waste product created by the body’s internal system.
- When ketones get unmanageable and move to the blood, it leads to ketoacidosis.
- Diabetic ketoacidosis symptoms could be nausea, vomiting, dry mouth, shortness or heavy breathing, etc.
- It is one of the most commons type 2 diabetes complications.
- As if it affects hands and feet then it is called peripheral neuropathy.
- A nerve that controls organs in the body that is affected by diabetes is known as autonomic neuropathy.
- Its symptoms may include vision problems, numbness, burning sensation in hands and feet, shooting pain, diarrhea, chronic pain, weakness, loss of balance, etc.
7. Irregular Heart Rhythms
- A Spike in levels of sugar is known to cause narrowing of blood vessels.
- This leads to irregular heart rhythms associated with many conditions.
8. Skin Conditions
- Bacterial and fungal infections can lead to skin conditions.
- Consistent high blood sugar levels can lead to a weak immune system, eventually making the body prone to diseases.
9. High Blood Pressure
- Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which people need to monitor their blood pressure levels.
- Persistent high blood pressure levels can lead to kidney disease, vision problems, heart attack, stroke, etc.
- Hypertension can elevate type 2 diabetes complications in affected people.
10. Sleep Apnea
- Type 2 diabetes complications like high blood sugar levels can cause sleep apnea.
- Obesity is also known to be a contributing factor in both these conditions.
11. Tooth decay
- Poorly managed diabetes can damage small blood vessels that are important for teeth and gums.
- This small nerve damage can increase the risk of tooth decay, gum infections, etc.
12. Hearing impairment
- It is seen in many cases that people with diabetes have hearing problems.
- When we eat something or fasting our blood sugar level changes.
- If our blood sugar level drops too low, it can be extremely dangerous.
- It is one of the most common short-term type 2 diabetes complications.
- Low blood sugar symptoms include - nausea, hungry, weak, dizziness, headache, tingling or numbness of hand, feet, etc.
14. Cardiovascular disease
- If long-term high sugar levels are not managed then it can harm by damaging arteries.
- People with diabetes are more prone to develop cardiovascular or heart disease.
- Spike in sugar levels can also raise “bad” LDL cholesterol and triglycerides levels.
- High LDL cholesterol and triglycerides levels can clog arteries, increases the risk of a heart attack.
15. Foot ulcers
- Diabetes can affect the circulation and damage nerves leads to foot problems.
- In case of untreated ulcers, it may cause gangrene or even amputation is required.
When to see a doctor?
If you have any symptoms or any type 2 diabetes complications - Hyperglycemia, Stroke, Vision problems, Kidney disease, Diabetic ketoacidosis, Neuropathy, Irregular heart rhythms, Skin conditions, High blood pressure, Sleep apnea, Tooth decay, Hearing impairment, Hypoglycemia, Cardiovascular disease, Foot ulcers, etc, should be addressed.
Prevention from further complications can be resolved with regular checkups and visits. Diabetes is a lifelong condition that can be managed with proper guidance from experts.
Its always been better to consult the doctor If you have any queries or questions. You can also enroll in Online Diabetes Reversal Program For Type 2 Diabetes by Breathe Well-Being if you want to get rid of diabetes and its complications for lifetime.
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