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Treatment of Menstrual Irregularities


Did you know that 14% to 25% of women at every point in time experience irregular menstrual cycles? This simply means that they experience infrequent or frequent periods; lighter or heavier; or longer or shorter cycles than considered normal. For some women, the cramps are extremely painful and can go on to last for several hours at a stretch.

Luckily, menstrual irregularities aren’t a death sentence as they can be treated with relative ease. This article sheds light on the key facts regarding this condition, including pointers on how dietary supplements, such as those offered by the health store, can help prevent it.

Read on.

What are Menstrual Irregularities?

Menstrual irregularity is a condition characterized by inconsistency with the normal series of events in the menstrual cycle. For a majority of women, a normal menstrual cycle typically spans 21-35 days. However, an irregularity can greatly lengthen, or shorten this range, making it difficult to prepare for the period.

They are of different types of irregularities, but the most common ones include:

  • Amenorrhea: This is the complete absence of menstrual flow for up to 3 months in women who haven’t reached menopause, and aren’t pregnant, or lactating. The term also covers cases of girls who are up to 16 years of age and are still yet to see their periods;
  • Dysmenorrhea: Periods marked by extremely painful cramps;
  • Oligomenorrhea: This refers to menstrual flow that takes place more than 35 days apart;
  • Polymenorrhea: This is menstruation that occurs more than once a month;
  • Menorrhagia: Refers to heavy periods or periods that last more than 8 days in a row;
  • Intermenstrual bleeding: Refers to blood spotting occurring before a regular menstrual cycle comes to an end;
  • Shortened menstrual bleeding: Refers to menstrual flow that lasts for only 2 days or less.

It is worth noting that these irregularities are often caused by varying factors, including vitamin D deficiency.

Causes of Menstrual Irregularities

Apart from vitamin D deficiency, there are several other factors that can cause irregular periods. These causative factors are generally initiated by a loop failure at the root level, which then leads to distortion in the normal series of events.

The following factors will answer the question, "why does the menstrual cycle change."

  • Lifestyle: Certain factors such as eating disorders, weight gain, weight loss, stress, or illness can cause a violation of the menstrual cycle;
  • Hormonal drugs: Hormonal drugs (some contraceptives) often work by halting the ovaries’ release of eggs. In most cases, using them incorrectly is usually the reason why the cycle is increasing;
  • Premature Ovarian Insufficiency (POI): This is an early end of the menstrual cycle caused by the malfunctioning of the ovaries. It is very common in patients undergoing chemotherapy. It is often called premature menopause;
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (POS): It is characterized by prolonged, or infrequent periods. POS happens when the ovaries develop several small packets of fluids and fail to release eggs as regularly as they should;
  • Uterine Fibroids: This is characterized by a noncancerous uterus that typically occurs during the childbearing stages of a woman’s life. Although they never develop into cancer, they can lead to painful menstrual flows;
  • Endometriosis: a serious condition that can be extremely painful. It is characterized by the external growth of a tissue that normally lines the insides of the uterus. Endometriosis often causes severe cramps and abnormal bleeding;
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): This is an infection of the reproductive organs. It is typically caused by sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). If left untreated, PID could lead to infrequent, irregular, or painful periods.

Other causes of menstrual irregularities include bleeding disorders; cervical cancer; certain medical conditions like pituitary disorders, and hyper- or hypothyroidism, among others; pregnancy complications such as ectopic pregnancy; and drugs such as blood thinners, and steroids.

What To Treat And How

It is very important to treat the causes of menstrual irregularities before they become complicated. Vaginal discharge, painful sex, and painful urination are some menstrual irregularities symptoms; seek urgent medical care if you notice them. Also, watch out for any signs of menstrual irregularities and report them as soon as you can.

A gynecologist is a doctor that specializes in issues regarding reproductive health. Reaching out to them as soon as you notice any symptoms or irregularities will not only help them to diagnose the specific cause of the problem but to also choose the most appropriate treatment. They are in the best position to answer questions such as, how to recover from a failed period, why the cycle is increasing, and how to get your period back, among others.

What You Can Do To Prevent Menstrual Irregularities

As the saying goes, prevention is always better than cure. Therefore, it is best to take necessary measures to ensure that no room is left for irregularities.

Here are practical tips you can employ to prevent menstrual irregularities:

  1. observe personal and menstrual hygiene, to prevent the risk of infections.
  2. go for checkups regularly;
  3. if you intend to lose weight, be sure to make it a gradual process. Abrupt changes in your eating pattern can negatively affect your cycle;
  4. always use hormonal drugs such as contraceptive pills as directed by the Pharmacist;
  5. incorporate vitamin D supplements into your daily routine. It helps regulate the menstrual cycle by the production of essential hormones that may be deficient.
  6. avoid excessive exercise;
  7. try as much as possible to rest whenever you feel tired.

Note: It is advisable to go for regular check-ups to help detect the aforementioned medical conditions before they get complicated. Also, always consult a doctor or healthcare provider before starting treatment with any drug.


Menstrual Irregularities are very common among females of childbearing age. They are best tackled as soon as they are noticed to prevent further complications. Several steps can be taken to prevent them, including the use of trusted Vitamin D supplements which are always available at the online health store, Stay healthy!

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