10 Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injuries
A traumatic brain injury typically happens when someone experiences a blow to the head.
The injury is often non-penetrating, such as when you hit your head in a car accident, but it can also be penetrating, such as experiencing a gunshot wound.
The severity can vary. Many people who get traumatic brain injuries recover within days. But severe traumatic brain injuries can lead to permanent damage. Sometimes, people even die.
What are the symptoms of traumatic brain injuries?
If you’re involved in an accident that results in a traumatic brain injury, you can at least pursue a compensation claim to gain damages that cover things like medical bills and loss of wages when the accident was the fault of another. Find out more by getting expert advice from an experienced brain injury attorney.
But first things first. If you’re in an accident that involves a blow to your head, you need to initially seek medical attention.
You could experience a variety of symptoms from a traumatic brain injury.
When you take a hard hit to your head, your brain can try to compensate for the injury. That means there can be changes in the chemicals in your brain, resulting in symptoms like confusion and sensitivity to light and sound.
Many traumatic brain injuries are mild, which means the symptoms are short-lived and don’t cause permanent damage to the brain. But in severe traumatic brain injuries, the symptoms can last longer and end up causing harm to your brain cells.
Severe traumatic brain injury can also cause your brain to swell inside your skull, which would result in even more serious problems.
Here are ten of the most common symptoms that you can experience from both a mild and severe traumatic brain injury:
- Dizziness and fatigue.
- Memory problems and confusion.
- Changes in mood and behaviour.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Dilated pupils or blurred vision.
- Sensitivity to light.
- Slurred speech.
- Restlessness or agitation.
When should you see a doctor?
Regardless of how mild or severe your symptoms are, if you experience a blow to your head that causes any of the above symptoms, you should seek medical attention.
Even a mild traumatic brain injury can be more serious than you think, so it’s important to get prompt attention from a doctor for an accurate diagnosis.
To diagnose your injury, your doctor will examine you, ask about your symptoms, and ask about the cause of the injury.
Depending on the symptoms you have and their severity, the next step could be getting a neurological evaluation to check your memory, motor function, and sensory functions, or having an MRI check or CT scan to check your brain for swelling and bleeding.
You could have a blood test too, which looks for proteins in your blood that indicate a mild traumatic brain injury.
How is a traumatic brain injury treated?
People with mild to moderate traumatic brain injuries usually only need minimal treatment. It can often be as simple as taking a short period of rest from work, school, or sports.
With a mild or moderate traumatic brain injury, the symptoms should improve within just a few weeks.
But people with more severe traumatic brain injuries can need intense treatments and hospital care. They could even need surgery to reduce the pressure of the brain swelling or to treat bleeding in the brain.
Treatments that can be used in all grades of traumatic brain injury include:
- Counselling, to help people overcome their stresses and anxieties after experiencing a traumatic brain injury.
- Rehabilitation therapies, such as physical, speech, and occupational therapies.
- A good amount of rest, which is typically one or two days for mild and moderate traumatic brain injuries and longer for severe injuries.
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