Reverse Vasectomy: Everything You Need to Know
Are you looking into getting a vasectomy?
Vasectomies have gotten more popular as a form of birth control. The procedure is quick, painless, and, most importantly, effective!
However, some couples experience a change of heart and decide that they do want to have children. Studies show that over 6-10% of vasectomy patients change their minds and get a reverse vasectomy.
Do you want to learn more about the vasectomy reversal treatment? Then, read on to discover the things to know about the procedure.
What Is a Vasectomy Reversal?
In a vasectomy treatment, the urologist cuts the tube, also known as the vas deferens. The vas deferens connect the sperm-producing testicles and penis. By cutting the vas deferens, you can successfully prevent sperm from reaching the semen.
During a vasectomy reversal, the doctor reconnects the tubes to allow the flow of sperm to the semen. After a successful treatment, the ejaculated semen contains sperm, making conception possible.
After getting a reverse vasectomy, the pregnancy rate of your partner ranges from 30-90%. Note that it depends on the type of procedure done to you. Some may opt to tie the tubes or cauterize them to seal the ends.
There are also other factors that can affect the chances of conceiving.
Why Do Men Get a Vasectomy Reversal?
Most have had a change in perspective about having a child. Others get a reversal because they remarry or have enough resources to support a big family. However, there are also cases where men choose to get a vasectomy reversal because of pain and discomfort.
While the risks associated with vasectomies are low, there is a chance of developing PVPS. This is also known as post-vasectomy pain syndrome. This condition involves chronic pain in one or both testicles over three months following the vasectomy.
A vasectomy treatment is reversible up to 25 years or longer after the procedure. However, the longer you decide to get a reversal, the lower the possibility of having a child. With this, start assessing your situation if you want to reverse vasectomy effects.
How Effective Is the Procedure?
When going through surgery, it's crucial to know the procedure's success rate. In a reverse vasectomy procedure, you can guarantee a successful operation. The vasectomy reversal success rate ranges from 70% to 90%.
During post-reversal, sperm appear in your semen after a few weeks or months. This increases the possibility of your partner conceiving. As mentioned, the pregnancy rate post-reversal ranges from 30% to 90%.
Although the success rates are high, some men wait more than a year for their sperm to appear. This can happen when the urologist finds any blockage in the epididymis or vas deferens.
Many factors can affect the success of the vasectomy reversal. It includes your age, fertility, sperm blockage, and the doctor's skills. The time difference between your vasectomy and reversal treatment can also influence the success rate.
Apart from these, the age and fertility of your partner can affect your ability to have children.
What Must You Do Before the Treatment?
First, you must talk with your doctor or urologist about the procedure. During this time, the doctor takes your medical history and asks you to take a physical exam. Further, they check if you can produce healthy sperm.
If needed, your urologist can ask you to get a blood test.
Next, you can ask your doctor questions about the procedure. Your queries can include the success rate, aftercare to do, and other related concerns. Consider asking the number of vasectomy reversal surgery they performed.
After the consultation, expect your doctor to instruct you, such as shaving the hair in your groin. Never use an electric razor, as it can cause irritation or cuts. Your urologist can tell you the food and medications not to take.
The Reverse Vasectomy Procedure?
The urologist performs the procedure at a hospital or a surgery center on an outpatient basis. Some surgeons do the reversal in a clinic if there are no complexities. A reversal is more complex than a regular vasectomy and involves microsurgery.
When reattaching the vas deferens, the urologist has two options for the treatment. The less complicated procedure is the vasovasostomy. With this method, the surgeon sews the ends of each tube together, which is the cut vas deferens.
For complex cases, urologists perform the vasoepididymostomy. It involves attaching the vas deferens to the epididymis. The decision of what treatment to perform takes occurs during the operation.
What Happens After the Treatment?
After the surgery, the doctor covers the incision with bandages. Your urologist may advise you to wear a jockstrap for several weeks for support.
Further, you must avoid wetting the treated area for two days post-reversal surgery. If you feel soreness, you can use ice to relieve it.
It's best to avoid working out, walking too much, or having sexual intercourse. You must rest during the first 48 hours after the surgery.
The Results of the Vasectomy Reversal Procedure
The doctor examines your semen using a microscope to determine the operation's success. Through this, they can check the presence of the sperm. A reverse vasectomy is successful when sperm appears in your semen a few weeks after the surgery.
However, it's not unusual to only see results after a month or a year. This is why your doctor needs to check your semen from time to time. So, never conclude the operation failed.
Benefits and Risks of the Reverse Vasectomy Procedure
Like other treatments, a reverse vasectomy procedure has its benefits and risks.
Vasectomy reversal increases fertility and the chances of conception. The procedure is safe where there is a low risk of complications. Further, reverse vasectomy is more affordable compared to other fertility treatments.
Although uncommon, the risks of a reversal include infection and chronic pain. Unless you follow your doctor's instructions, bleeding within the scrotum is possible. As the treated area starts to heal, excessive movement can cause bleeding.
What Do You Need to Know About Reverse Vasectomy?
Everyone is talking about getting a vasectomy, but what do you know about reversing it? Reverse vasectomy is perfect for couples who have decided they're ready to have kids. It is also an option if you experience PVPS and it's starting to affect your quality of life.
Like a regular vasectomy, reverse vasectomies are safe. Do you want to learn more about getting a vasectomy? Check out our other blog posts to learn more.