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What to Know About Prostate Health

Prostate Health

The human body is made up of various organs and systems that coordinate to ensure that the required processes take place. If one of the components fails to do its part right it might interfere with the system which in turn can lead to incapacitation or shutting down of the body.

Thus it is very important for an individual to do the best they can to ensure that they maintain good health and avoid such problems. Still, one can’t completely avoid all the diseases in the world. Nobody goes through life without getting ill even once.

Being well-informed puts you in a better place to handle the situation that someone who has no clue. This article talks about prostate health which requires awareness to avoid fatalities. You can also read about prostate stimulation to learn more

What is it all about?

It refers to the health of prostate gland. This is an organ found in males and is positioned below the bladder, wrapping around the upper part of urethra.

Its main job is to produce seminal fluid that provides nourishment and aids in the transportation of sperms. Thus it is very important in the reproduction process and if affected it can hinder the process.

The fact that it surrounds part of the urethra also means that it can interfere with urination thereby obstructing excretion of toxic substances. Therefore, it is important to ensure the good health of the organ to avoid issues.

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What are some of the common conditions that affect it?

  • Prostate cancer

This is one of the most prevalent cancers in males. The patient experiences overgrowth of the cells of the gland. There are different types of prostate cancer some of which progress slowly and might not cause any serious effect in the lifetime of the patient.

Others progress rapidly and spread to other parts of the body. They can be classified as localized (within the prostate), regional (spreading to near tissues), or metastatic (spreading to more distant tissues).

Most of the cancers that affect this gland are referred to as adenocarcinomas.

  • Prostatitis

This occurs as a result of inflammation of the gland, and it can be either acute or chronic. The former is as a result of a bacterial infection and is characterized by symptoms such as pain when urinating, fever, and chills.

The latter can occur even without an infection and is characterized by chronic inflammation causing various symptoms like pelvic discomfort and difficulties when urinating or ejaculating.

  • Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

At times it can be confused with prostate cancer if not examined properly. This is because it results in enlargement of the organ due to overgrowth.

Although it can be found to be existing along with cancer it is not caused by it. In most cases it is experienced by the elderly, especially, those who are above the age of 50 years.

The growth in size causes strain on the urethra hence negatively affecting both the bladder and the urethra. Consequently, it causes difficulty in urination. Read more here https://www.healthline.com/health/9-tips-to-prevent-prostate-cancer.

Prostate Health

What are some of the factors that cause these problems?

  • Infections

As mentioned before, bacterial infection is the major cause of acute prostatitis. For chronic prostatitis the cause is often unknown.

It could be as a result of infection or autoimmunity where the immune system mistakes the cells of the gland for foreign substances hence tries to destroy them.

It could also be that the infection fails to get detected by the existing techniques being used. The methods are, however, effective enough to detect and identify the common causes of infections.

  • Diet

A lot of modern health problems are as a result of poor diet. Some substances are very harmful to the body when taken in excess.

Refined sugars for instance are known to cause inflammation when consumed regularly and in large amounts. To be on the safe side, one should aim to eat a balanced diet that contains the required nutrients in the right amounts.

For patients already suffering from the conditions, a change in diet to include lots of fresh fruits and vegetables can have a great impact on their health. To make the right changes that suit your needs you should consult your physician and if possible, a nutritionist too.

  • Lifestyle

Your general lifestyle determines the condition of your body. Exercising regularly is a good habit and has a lot of benefits.

It can help you avoid a lot of diseases and even when you fall sick you will be able to bounce back much faster than an individual who rarely or never exercises. A sedentary lifestyle gradually weakens your body hence with time your immune system won’t be able to function as effectively as it should.

This makes it susceptible to pathogens and development of abnormal conditions. Conditions such as high blood pressure and obesity have been found to contribute to poor prostate health.

  • Genetics

Defects in genes can make one susceptible to prostate cancer, though, it is not always the case. Thus family background also matters. If someone in your family has prostate cancer, then you are at a higher risk or getting it than someone from a different family.

  • Age

BPH is common among the elderly and rare in children.

How can one lower the risks?

Factors such as age and genetics are beyond our control and so one can’t completely eliminate the risk factor. However, you can lower it to a certain level.

Other than adopting a healthy diet and overall lifestyle, the other viable action is being cautious enough to go for a checkup as soon as you see the signs or experience the symptoms. Early detection makes the treatment process easier and can help to avoid further deterioration.

Nowadays, there are simple techniques that can be used to gauge whether one might be in need of scientific screening and consequently treatment if necessary. For example, you can fill a questionnaire to get your International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS).

There are two tests that are mainly used for screening. The first one is Digital Rectal Examination and the second is Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) test. The second one is effective in detecting the disease in its early stages.

It works by measuring the level of PSA in the blood. A high level might be an indication of presence of the cancer. However, the method is not 100% effective because there are several different factors that might lead to high levels of PSA other than cancer.

Thus at times one might end up getting wrong diagnosis and treatment. The treatment might cause negative side effects. It is important that you only opt for PSA screening when there are evident symptoms and after consulting with a qualified physician. Click here to read more.

Prostate Health

Conclusion

Prostate health is an important consideration in males, and it requires awareness. One might experience the symptoms of a prostate illness without realizing what is happening. Failure to get the appropriate treatment can result in more complications and even death. The most common symptoms are urination and ejaculation difficulties, pain and discomfort in the pelvic region, fever, and chills. To reduce the risks, you should adopt a healthy lifestyle that comprises of regular exercise, balanced diet, and stress-free state of being. Be sure to consult a licensed doctor before deciding to get screening and treatment.


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