5 Procedures Orthopedic Surgeons Carry Out
Orthopedic surgery is a branch of medicine handling the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of the many disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Orthopedic surgeons are medical professionals who specialize in surgical interventions to treat these conditions. This article will discuss five examples of the operations that an orthopedic surgeon can carry out.
Joint Replacement Surgery
Joint replacement surgery is a common procedure carried out by an orthopaedic surgeon. It involves replacing a damaged or worn-out joint with an artificial joint, which is known as a prosthesis. Among the most common joints that are replaced are the hip, knee, and shoulder. This surgery is typically recommended for patients with severe arthritis or other conditions that have caused significant damage to the joint.
Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure that is minimally invasive and allows an orthopedic surgeon to visualize, diagnose, and treat problems inside a joint. It involves making a small incision and inserting a tiny camera called an arthroscope, which transmits images of the joint to a monitor. Arthroscopy can be used to repair or remove damaged tissue, including torn ligaments, cartilage, or bone spurs.
Orthopedic surgeons also perform spinal surgery to treat a variety of conditions, including spinal stenosis, herniated discs, and spinal cord injuries. Depending on the specific condition, the surgeon may use minimally invasive techniques or more extensive procedures. Spinal surgery can be a complex and delicate procedure requiring specialized training and expertise. They are also trained in the use of advanced imaging techniques such as MRI and CT scans to accurately diagnose spinal conditions. Some of the most common spinal surgeries performed by orthopedic surgeons include spinal fusion, laminectomy, discectomy, and spinal cord decompression.
Orthopedic surgeons also treat fractures, which are breaks or cracks in bones. The treatment for a fracture depends on the severity of the injury, and the surgeon may recommend anything from immobilization and rest to surgical intervention. Fracture repair may involve the use of screws, plates, or other devices to hold the bone in place while it heals.
Orthopedic surgeons can also perform ligament repair, which is the reconstruction or replacement of a torn or damaged ligament. This surgery is typically required for patients with severe ligament injuries, such as a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in the knee. The surgeon may use a variety of techniques, including tissue grafts, to repair or replace the ligament. Ligament repair surgery is usually recommended when conservative treatments, such as physical therapy or bracing, have been ineffective. The procedure involves repairing or replacing the damaged ligament with a graft from another part of the patient's body or from a donor. The recovery time for ligament repair surgery can vary depending on the patient's age, overall health, and the extent of the injury. Physical therapy is usually required after surgery to help the patient regain strength, mobility, and range of motion in the affected joint. With proper care and rehabilitation, most patients are able to return to their previous level of activity after ligament repair surgery.
Overall, orthopedic surgery is a complex and specialized field that demands many years of training and experience. Joint replacement surgery, arthroscopy, spinal surgery, fracture repair, and ligament repair are just a few of the many operations that orthopedic surgeons can carry out. Each of these procedures requires a unique set of skills, expertise, and equipment. Orthopedic surgeons work closely with patients to diagnose their conditions and develop treatment plans that are tailored to their specific needs. Through their surgical interventions, orthopedic surgeons can improve the quality of life for people who are suffering from musculoskeletal disorders, allowing them to return to their daily activities with less pain and greater mobility.