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One Nation and One Ration Card Scheme

The one nation and one ration card scheme is to help millions of migrants be entitled to their share of subsidy when they travel for work from place to place within the nation. With the help of this scheme, beneficiaries who are eligible can buy their rightful food grains under the National Food Security Act (NFSA), which is from any ration shops in the nation. Although this scheme was introduced in June 2019, 12 states were integrated into the systems where the 12 states include Goa, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Haryana, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Tripura, Telangana, and Rajasthan.

Since the lockdown has taken a toll on the economy, the Supreme Court adjourned the Centre to observe where it is practical to execute the scheme at this stage. Additional five states were included in the system where Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Daman and Diu, and Punjab, are among those. It has been estimated that the rest of the states will be included in the system by the month of June.

The nitty-gritty on ‘One Nation, One Ration Card’

  • A standard format for this ration card has been prepared since there are different formats used by different states
  • To make sure that the card is used conveniently all over the country, the state government is being suggested to print the ration card bilingually where apart from the local language, English or Hindi will be included in the card.
  • The ration card will include 10-digit ration card number where the first two digits will imply the state’s code and the next two digits implies the ration card numbers
  • To make sure that each member of the household has a unique member ID in the ration card, another two digits are affixed with the ration card number
  • In this period of lockdown, this scheme will benefit the migrant workers since they can use this ration card anywhere in order to buy the entitled subsidies.

Who are regarded as the beneficiaries?

  • The ration card can be applied by those who are the legal citizens of India
  • The minors are added under their parent’s ration card where any individual above 18 years of age can apply for a separate ration card
  • All of those who have ration card can buy the food grains from any of the fair price ration shops
  • Those who have ration cards are entitled to the subsidized foods where they can purchase up to 5 kgs of rice at Rs 3 per Kg, up to 3 Kgs of wheat at Rs 2 per Kg, and they can also buy the coarse grains which are given up to Rs 1 Kg per month.

It has been opined that 60 crore beneficiaries will benefit from the ration card where all of these individuals can purchase the food grains from their current ration cards.

A food ministry official conveyed that, “there have been reports of problems faced by migrant workers in getting subsidised food grains. This portability will help them draw their share of ration from a nearby ration shop by biometric registration.”

For UP Ration Card click here

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