Most Common Causes of Back Problems
You’ve surely experienced back pain at least once in your life. However, there are also people that suffer from chronic back problems that can be detrimental to the quality of their life. But what causes back issues and are their fixes that we can try to feel better? Keep on reading for some useful information.
Pulled muscle or ligament
Pain can occur suddenly or develop over time due to a muscle strain or a ligament sprain. If you stretch your muscle too far, you can tear and damage it. If this activity also affects the ligaments, a sprain can happen as well. In addition to exercise and sports, you can encounter these problems if you lift heavy objects or twist while doing it, if you make sudden movements, or if you maintain a poor posture for a long period of time. To treat this issue, you can take muscle relaxants, over-the-counter meds, anti-inflammatory meds, and ice and heat packs. Massage therapy and staying active can also be of assistance.
Another quite common cause of back problems is arthritis and one of its most common types, osteoarthritis. There are over 100 types of arthritis but if you’re dealing with back pain, you might be faced with rheumatoid arthritis or some kind of spondyloarthritis. This is a type of chronic inflammation that affects joints in your body, including those in your back. It is often associated with swelling and stiffness. When it comes to treatment, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroids are used as well as physical therapy and a change in lifestyle. In some cases, surgery is recommended.
Osteoporosis is another condition that can lead to back problems as it causes bones to become weak and brittle. Brittle bones are more prone to fractures and if you experience one or several, you could be faced with chronic back pain. If you notice a stooped posture, a loss of height, or severe pain in the neck and back, it’s time to visit your physician to see what they would recommend as treatment. If you’re diagnosed with osteoporosis prior to experiencing any fractures, you will probably be prescribed meds and lifestyles changes. As there is no cure, prevention is vital so take your vitamins and stay active with some weight-bearing exercises.
Injured, herniated, and ruptured discs
The spine is made up of 30 vertebrae – small bones stacked on top of each other. Between each vertebra, there are spongy pieces of cartilage called discs which act as shock absorbers and prevent the bones from grinding against one another. These disks can get injured, herniated, and ruptured, causing the soft material inside them to press on a nerve. While this can be painless, it can also lead to back pain. Moreover, there is degenerative disc disease as well, which means that back pain occurs due to wear-and-tear of spinal discs. However, this chronic pain doesn’t have to last forever, as there is treatment that can help. For instance, if you live in Australia, you can find experts for spine surgery in Brisbane that can handle a wide range of conditions such as herniated discs, osteoporosis, and spondylosis.
Lumbar spinal stenosis can also lead to back pain as it refers to the process that narrows the spinal canal that then constricts the spinal nerves. The cause of this is usually degenerative changes that happen as a result of aging, also known as spondylosis. This issue is more common in people over 60 years of age and affects the lower part of the spine, which can cause symptoms like cramps, severe pain, and numbness in the legs as well. In terms of treatment, physical therapy, medications and injections, therapeutic massages, acupuncture, manual manipulation, and self-care have all been known to help.
Fibromyalgia is a long-term condition that can result in general fatigue and sleep disturbances as well as musculoskeletal pain including back pain. While its cause is still not completely understood by scientists, they agree that medication, stretching, and strengthening exercises can all help people suffering from this condition.
If you suffer from back pain, it can sometimes feel debilitating and prevent you from leading a fulfilling life. However, there are different approaches to treatment that you can try out, from medicine to physical therapy and exercise all the way to surgery. Don’t hesitate to look for a solution that can help improve your quality of life.
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