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What Medical Conditions Increase a
Patient's Risk of Stroke?

Also known as a brain attack, stroke occurs when blood flow to the brain is stopped. It is an emergency condition that requires immediate medical attention.

For the brain to function well, it needs continuous oxygen and nutrient supply. Stopping the supply of blood even for a few minutes can pose serious complications. Brain cells start to die immediately after the supply is stopped leading to stroke.

Living with certain medical conditions can significantly increase a person's risk of having a stroke. This post uncovers some of the medical conditions that increase a patient's risk of stroke. Read on to find out.

Medical conditions that increase the risks of stroke

1. Transient Ischemic attacks

This is a stroke-like attack that occurs when blood supply to a part of the brain stops briefly. This condition is similar to a stroke but lasts only a few minutes. Despite TIA occurring within a short period of time, prompt medical attention is necessary.

In case you have experienced Transient Ischemic Attack before, your chances of having a stroke are high. Talk to your health provider on how you can live safer if you've had this minor attack that can increase your risk of having another stroke.

2. Heart diseases

Most heart illnesses increase the risks of having a stroke. For instance, coronary heart problems highly increase the chances of having a stroke since the plaque buildup in the blood vessels blocks the circulation of oxygenated blood from reaching the brain.

Other conditions like irregular heartbeat, heart valve defects, or enlarged heart chambers can cause blood clots that can break and lead to stroke.

3. High blood pressure

This is the leading cause of stroke across the world in both men and women. It happens when the blood pressure in your major arteries and other blood vessels becomes abnormally high.

Because high blood pressure shows no symptoms, it is advisable to check your blood pressure often. Lowering the pressure if it is high through medications or a change of lifestyle will help reduce your risks of stroke.

4. Diabetes

Diabetes is also among the common health conditions that increase the risks of stroke. It causes sugar to build up in the blood, blocking oxygen and essential nutrients from reaching various parts of the body, including the brain.

Also, high blood pressure is a common disease among people living with diabetes. And, as discussed above, high blood pressure is the known leading cause of stroke and the cause of the increased risk of stroke in diabetic persons.

5. Sickle cell disease

This is a blood disorder that is linked to ischemic attacks that mainly affect Hispanic and black children. It makes red blood cells develop into an abnormal sickle-shaped type. A stroke can occur if the abnormal cells are stuck on the blood vessels blocking blood flow to the brain.

6. Neurosyphilis

This is a disease of the brain covering, spinal cord or the brain itself. It happens in persons with untreated syphilis.

Neurosyphilis differs from syphilis because it affects the nervous system, while syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease with known signs and symptoms.

Since it is a disease of the nervous system, it is widely linked to transient ischemic attacks, which is a form of stroke that happens within a few minutes and increases the risk of having a major stroke.


Stroke is an emergency medical condition that occurs due to interrupted blood flow into the brain. Though it can be life-threatening, the risks of having a stroke can be reduced.

Consult your health provider if you have the following medical conditions that can increase your risks of developing stroke and design a better way to stay safe: diabetes, high blood pressure, neurosyphilis, sickle cell disease, and other heart-related problems.

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