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Introduction to MCCD and Death Certificate in India

Medical Certification of Cause of Death (MCCD) in India is carried out by the Government Medical Certification Scheme. Anyone in India can apply for a death certificate. A death certificate is a primary document that is issued by the state government to the kin of the deceased. It states the date, time, and most importantly, the cause of death. The cause of death cannot be disclosed by the registrar or any other related person. The Indian law states that it is compulsory to register a person’s death by the concerned state government within 21 days of its occurrence.


  1. Enable settlement of inheritance of property
  2. Authorize the family to collect insurance benefits
  3. Processing of any other legal claims

Note that:

  • The death certificate can relieve the deceased from social, legal, and official obligations.
  • It establishes the fact of death legally.
  • Relieves impending debts.
  • According to the Registration of Births and Deaths act, 1969, chief registrars at the state or subordinate level can carry out the process of registration
  • The RBD act states that the head of the family needs to report the death, however, in ordinary circumstances, anyone from the family or the male head of the family can report the death as well.


Along with the filled application form, some or all of the following documents might be needed for submission:

  • A copy of the ration card
  • Proof of birth of the deceased
  • Required fee in the form of court fee stamps
  • Affidavit mentioning the date and time of death

The person who has applied for obtaining a death certificate needs to provide evidence of a relationship with the deceased. In some cases, complete address proof and proof of nationality might also be asked for.


The area’s local body authorities and the registrar who maintains the record of deaths can layout the application form for a death certificate. Evidence of death is to be produced wither in the form of a letter from the hospital, duly signed by the medical head, or from a civil official who certified the death at the burial ground or crematorium.


If the registration of the death is done within 21 days of its occurrence, it is done free of cost, but if the death is registered from 21 to 30 days from the date of the death, a fine of Rs.25 will be collected by the medical officer to certify the cause of death.

If the death is registered between 30 days to 1 year of its occurrence, a fine of Rs.50, along with an affidavit, is collected by the Joint Director of Statistics.

In case the death is registered after a year, it leads to many complications, and the magistrate needs to be contacted for the same, which will make it a lengthy process.

Make sure you register the death of any close relative or family member to avoid any complications later.

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