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Know Everything About ADHD and Its Management

By Mila Jones

Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder constitutes difficulty in paying attention, controlling impulsive behavior, and being overly active. Although ADHD is not completely curable, it is very much possible to manage it. ADHD is one of the most common neurodevelopment problems that is diagnosed in childhood. The most common symptom is trouble paying attention. Development of impulsive behavior is also common in these people.

adhd

Cause:

Although the exact causes of ADHD are not known, some possible causes are:

  • Genetics:
    ADHD mostly runs in families, and you are at risk of getting it if your parents or siblings had it.
  • Brain structure:
    It has been found out through scans that the brains of people with ADHD are slightly different. Certain areas of their brains are slightly smaller while some are larger. Their levels of neurotransmitters are also imbalanced.

Certain groups of people like those born prematurely, people with epilepsy or brain damage are at a higher risk of acquiring ADHD than others.

Symptoms:

The most common symptoms seen in ADHD patients are:

  • Inattention:
    Symptoms of inattention that ranges for six months or more may present signs of ADHD. These people are often unable to pay close attention to details. They cannot follow conversations and often lose attention. They zone out during conversations. They have trouble organizing themselves.
  • Trouble in organizing:
    Adults with ADHD have problems in doing everyday things like paying bills or going to an office or maintaining proper social relationships.
  • Reckless driving:
    It is difficult for these people to drive safely. They often speed up or have traffic accidents.
  • Marital problems:
    Troubled marriages are not uncommon for people with ADHD. They have poor listening skills, inability to commit and understand their partners.
  • Trouble relaxing:
    Adults with ADHD are hyperactive and often have trouble relaxing. You may appear as tense or edgy to others.
  • Trouble working:
    Adults with ADHD avoid tasks that require a lot of attention or mental work. This can cause workplace issues.
  • Angry outbursts:
    People with ADHD have a problem controlling emotions. They have no control over their emotions. Their anger flares and fades quickly.

You can use symptom tracker to track your symptoms.

Diagnosis:

Only a mental health professional after a thorough examination can determine whether you have ADHD or not. Sometimes, it gets difficult to diagnose ADHD since symptoms like low concentration or motivation are caused in other conditions as well.

Management:

Managing ADHD would require making some lifestyle changes and finding out tricks and tips that would work the best for you. Here are some tips that would help you to maintain focus and increase your productivity:

  • Avoid multitasking:
    It is important to stay focused on a task while completing it. Multitasking might be a little too hectic for people with ADHD, so it is advisable to stay focused on one task until you complete it and avoid getting distracted. This will help you to keep a healthy work-life balance.
  • Schedule the entire day according to the tasks you have to perform:
    Schedule the day in blocks of 45 minutes each. Concentrate on one project for 45 minutes then change your focus for the next 45 minutes. Take a break for 30 minutes after this. Along with time, break down your work as well. This will make you feel less overwhelmed and less tensed about the task you have to complete.
  • Use a timer:
    Using a timer to schedule your working hours and then subsequent rest periods could help you successfully get through the day. Make sure the time devoted to a certain task is enough for you to complete it and the break time is enough to make you feel refreshed.
  • Use visual reminders:
    You can stick small notes around your work table that will help you to work better.
  • Have contact with positive coworkers:
    Connect with at least one co-worker who understands your problems and can help you to concentrate and work. However, make sure you stay away from negative and discouraging people at work.
  • Carry something to long meetings that will help you stay focused:
    Get something to fidget with while you attend long meetings. Anything ranging from a small ball or a pen to twirl through fingers could help. You can also carry a pen and paper for taking down notes.
  • Make sure you understand what the other person says:
    If you are someone who tends to get zoned out very easily, paraphrase back periodically. This way, you will not lose focus and stay involved in the conversation. You will also be aware of understanding the key points that are being said to you. If at any point you feel that you've lost focus, politely ask the person to repeat what he has said.
  • Block noises:
    It is very easy for you to get distracted by noises. Therefore try to work at a place that has the less hustle and bustle. Otherwise, you always have the option of putting on earplugs.
  • Use planners:
    You can make your days easier by planning them by using large calendars, bullet journals, day planners, and to-do lists.
  • Calming techniques to keep your anger at bay:
    Always think and gather your thoughts before you say something. If at a certain point, you feel that you are no longer in control of your thoughts, excuse yourself and get back to the person later. Prepare well before any meeting or public speaking.
  • Avoid overtime:
    Though it might be impossible at times, try and avoid overtime as far as you can. Overtime can make your brain feel tired and overwhelmed.
  • Set alarms:
    Set alarms throughout the day for important events. This will make sure you don't forget to attend meetings or reaching a certain place.
  • Reward yourself:
    Give yourself small rewards for tasks completed. This will help you stay motivated and complete more tasks within the stipulated time.

Although at times, stimulant drugs are prescribed to these people to make their life easier, proper management of the symptoms can only be ensured by both drug intake and lifestyle management. Make sure to use symptom tracker to track your symptoms.

Author’s Bio:
Mila JonesMila Jones is a Senior Business Consultant, with rich experience in the domains of technology consulting and strategy, she works with both established technology brands and market entrants to offer research inputs and insights on leveraging technology as a source of strategic competitive advantage. She is a prolific author and shares her expertise with tech enthusiasts on popular digital publishing platforms. She loves not only to write about several topics but also loves to explore new ideas about Lifestyle, Travel blogs and many more.
Follow Mila on Twitter, Instagram or Facebook.

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