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Effective Treatment for Pneumonia at an Early Stage

By Mila Jones

Many people are scared to go to the hospital as they have to go through several tests and other medical procedure. In some cases, most of them prefer self-treatment by purchasing any medicine from the pharmacy, without proper authorized medical prescription.

pneumonia

About the disease

Pneumonia is an infection caused due to the microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, or virus, etc. in one or both the lungs of our human body. The most common type of this disease, i.e., bacterial pneumonia in adults.

It causes inflammation in the air sacs of the lungs (called alveoli) that makes it difficult to breathe.

Symptoms

In most cases, the symptoms may vary depending on the type of microorganisms. Sometimes it can be mild to life-threatening. The most common type of symptoms includes:

  1. Fever
  2. Chest pain
  3. Lack of breath
  4. Nausea
  5. Fatigue
  6. Diarrhoea

Other symptoms vary according to the severity of this disease...

  1. By cause
    Viral pneumonia: High fever occurs after 12-36 hours, also a wheezing problem with flu- like symptoms, etc.

    Bacterial pneumonia: It may cause high fever with 105o F, sweating, bluish lips, etc.

  2. Age
    It includes children below five years of age may have fast breathing, and infants may have trouble eating or drinking, vomit, lack of energy, etc.

    Older people may have a lower body temperature.

Types

Pneumonia is classified according to the kind of microorganisms, locations, how it occurs, etc.

  1. Variety of microorganisms (germs)
    It is classified according to the organisms that cause the infection that are:
    • Bacterial pneumonia: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Chlamydophila pneumonia, and Legionella pneumophila are some of the microorganisms that cause this infection.
    • Viral pneumonia: This type of infection is not usually severe but lasts for a short time than bacterial pneumonia. A respiratory virus is one of it that causes this disease, especially among younger and older people.
    • Fungal pneumonia: It causes due to fungi from soil who inhale these type of organisms have a weak immune system.
    • Mycoplasma pneumonia: These organisms are not virus or bacteria, but have common traits in them.
  2. Location
    • HAP (Hospital-acquired pneumonia): This type of infection acquired during a hospital stay. In some cases, it can be more severe than the usual kind.
    • CAP (Commonly – acquired pneumonia): In case, this infection refers to acquired outside an institutional setting.
  3. How it occurs
    • Aspiration pneumonia: it happens when you inhale bacteria into your lungs from food, saliva, or drink.
    • VAP (Ventilator-associated pneumonia): Individuals who are using a ventilator get pneumonia, referring it as VAP.

How to diagnose it?

Doctors may likely suggest conducting some tests after running physical examination and studying your medical history. Chest X-Ray test are one of them through which proper diagnosis of pneumonia probably helps to know the infection. In some cases, depending on the symptoms to avoid further health complications, doctors suggest other medical tests that include: blood test, CT scan, urine test, etc.

Is it contagious?

Some kinds are contagious. In case of both viral and bacterial pneumonia, it can spread to others through airborne from a sneeze or cough. While there are some those who infected with fungal pneumonia from the environment, it does not spread from one to another person.

Who are at risk?

Certain people who have a weak immune system, chronic medical conditions such as asthma, diabetes, drink an excessive amount of alcohol as well as smoke, etc.

How to treat pneumonia?

Doctors provide treatment depending on the type of pneumonia as well as the symptoms for further medical attention. They suggest a few treatment options that include:

  1. Prescribing medicines
    Doctors prefer prescribing drugs such as antibiotics like Cipro, antiviral, and antifungal to treat pneumonia depending on the causes of the condition. It also includes aspirin, Tylenol, OTC (over the counter ) medicine to relieve pain and fever whenever needed.
  2. Hospitalization
    In some cases, if the medications do not work correctly. Doctors have other option, i.e., admitting in the hospital to improve the health condition without any further complications. It includes treatments – intravenous antibiotics (injected through veins), respiratory therapy sessions (breathing exercise), oxygen therapy ( maintaining the oxygen level in the blood), etc.

Pneumonia can be fatal if ignored untreated; a timely visit to health checkup is necessary as it matters to stay physically fit.

Author’s Bio:
Mila JonesMila Jones is a Senior Business Consultant, with rich experience in the domains of technology consulting and strategy, she works with both established technology brands and market entrants to offer research inputs and insights on leveraging technology as a source of strategic competitive advantage. She is a prolific author and shares her expertise with tech enthusiasts on popular digital publishing platforms. She loves not only to write about several topics but also loves to explore new ideas about Lifestyle, Travel blogs and many more.
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