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IV Therapy: Types of IV Fluids
& Important Things to Know

Intravenous Therapy is a popular wellness trend that has gained a lot of reputation in recent years. It’s predicted to hit over $10.98 billion in 2027, showing the increasing demand for IV therapy treatment among patients and athletes. What is IV therapy all about? This is a medical procedure that delivers vitamins, minerals, and medication straight to the bloodstream. 

It offers numerous benefits, restores energy, and hydrates your cells. However, not everyone qualifies for IV therapy, and an IV bag is prescribed for various reasons. Although an IV bag may resemble the next one, the contents vary, depending on the patient’s needs and health condition.

What are the types of fluids used in IV therapy?

 IV bags contain a blend of vitamins and minerals and may resemble a water bag. But the contents will vary depending on your needs and health condition. And this is why most people visit the Livv Natural and wellness clinic to learn about IV therapy and the different IV formulas available.

You’ll find saline in an IV bag, which acts as a base solution for the fluids and electrolytes. The fluids contain a host of minerals and vitamins to restore your energy and keep you hydrated. 

The main types of fluids in an IV bag include;

  • Normal Saline
  • Half Normal Saline
  • Lactated Ringers
  • Dextrose

Normal saline

Normal saline is a sterile solution and a crystalloid fluid, meaning that it easily passes through cell membranes. It’s famous for its effectiveness in various health conditions. Normal saline is also used in resuscitation and is best suited for hydration in conditions resulting from bleeding, vomiting, diarrhea, or shock.

It helps boost the volume of circulating plasma and can help different patients. These include those with cardiac or renal complications. What makes it unique? Normal saline is rich in sodium and causes excess fluid retention in the body.

Half normal saline

Half normal saline is yet another commonly used fluid. It’s a hypotonic solution of sodium chloride dissolved in water. It contains half the chloride levels found in normal saline and treats patients suffering from cellular dehydration. It’s also used for;

  • Improving overall fluid volume
  • Water replacement
  • Sodium chloride depletion

Gastric fluid loss

The fluid helps diabetic patients unable to handle additional glucose. However, it depletes intravascular fluids, and it isn’t recommended for use in patients with burns, liver disease, or trauma.

Lactated Ringer’s

Lactated ringer’s is a common IV fluid for resuscitation. It’s commonly used as an alternative to normal saline and is common during surgeries. The fluid is named after its inventor, Sydney Ringer. A great physician who designed the solution containing chloride, sodium, calcium, and potassium. However, adding sodium to this solution made it handy for pediatric patients. Lactate is common in milk products, but our muscles also produce it during exercise. 

The solution helps treat:

  • Dehydration
  • Burns
  • Fluid loss in the lower gastrointestinal tract 
  • Acute blood loss
  • Hypovolemia


Dextrose is a simple sugar generally made from corn. It’s identical to glucose, and you can confuse it with regular sugar. It’s used in food processing and is added to baking products as a sweetener. However, it’s still valuable for medical procedures. It’s a simple sugar and is quickly absorbed to boost energy.

The main variations of dextrose are;

  • Dextrose in water
  • Dextrose in saline
  • Dextrose in Lactated Ringer’s

No matter the type of dextrose solution, the IV fluid acts as sugar readily available for the cells.

1. What do I need to know about IV therapy?

IV therapy San Diego treatment consists of a high concentration of vitamins and minerals injected into your bloodstream. It’s an alternative to the slower process of the digestive system and alleviates symptoms of hangovers, food poisoning, and jet lag.

Here’s what to know about IV therapy treatment;

2. It should be performed by a medical professional.

 IV therapy treatment involves the insertion of a catheter into the vein and connects to an IV bag. It can be performed in a medical clinic or beauty spa, but a doctor should be present to prescribe the therapy. Remember, there are different types of IV fluids, and not all will suit your condition. In this case, a qualified physician will prescribe the most suitable fluid and administer it appropriately. The therapy takes between 30 minutes to an hour, and the effects last about two to four days.

3. IV therapy includes doses of vitamins & Minerals.

 The IV drip delivers fluids, vitamins, and meals directly to your body. It helps alleviate fatigue nausea, and gives you an energy boost. IV therapy also improves the immune system due to the high doses of vitamin C and other essential vitamins and minerals. Vitamin C is handy in building the body’s defense against ailments.

Other vitamins like the B vitamin help improve your mood and brain function. Magnesium is also worth mentioning and helps boost energy and regulate your blood pressure and sugar levels. Moreover, it aids in muscle and nerve function.

4. It shouldn’t replace a proper diet.

IV therapy infuses lots of fluid and minerals into your body while raising your energy levels. It shouldn’t act as a replacement for proper nutrition, though! This means that you should continue drinking enough water and taking a balanced diet even after getting IV treatment. This type of therapy only gives you a quick boost and works best combined with a nutritious diet. 

5. IV therapy may have some side effects.

IV therapy treatment is a medical procedure and can pose some risks. These are risks associated with all other intravenous drips and may cause vein irritation and inflammation. Also, if the drip isn’t correctly monitored or runs too quickly, it can lead to electrolyte imbalance and kidney damage. And this is why a medical practitioner should administer IV therapy. 

Wrapping up 

There are different types of IV fluids, and all serve different purposes. The therapist will choose the most suitable fluid to match your condition and needs. Although IV fluids contain a high concentration of vitamins and minerals, they shouldn’t replace good nutrition. And this is why your doctor will advise you to eat a healthy diet and stay hydrated after the procedure.

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