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Advice on Improving Mesothelioma Prognosis

Mesothelioma Prognosis

Prognosis is a prediction or a forecast on how a disease might or will progress or develop within a individual. In certain terminal diseases, the prognosis also offers a prediction as to the likelihood of survival and the time left to live.

Mesothelioma has a poor prognostic result as the cure for the disease doesn’t exist. Before we can fully understand prognosis for mesothelioma, let’s first look at a few terms that are related to the discussion about prognosis over all.

  • Life Expectancy: It is the time or the age a person is expected to live.
  • Survival Rates: It is a person’s estimated time left to live after they’re diagnosed with a terminal disease. For mesothelioma, the survival rate of 5 years is less than 10%.
  • Death Rates: Death rates indicate the likelihood of death after the disease.

Mesothelioma’s Prognosis depending on Stage:

The stage of mesothelioma describes the location of the cancer and its spread throughout the body.

There are 4 stages of mesothelioma...

1- Stage 1 Mesothelioma:

It is the first and the earliest stage of mesothelioma. At this stage, the cancer is restricted to the layers of Pleura. A patient has more treatment options to try at this stage. The treatment of mesothelioma is considerably expensive.

There various mesothelioma lawsuit consultancy firms that can help you get compensated, financially and legally, for being exposed to asbestos—the main culprit when it comes to contracting mesothelioma.

Asbestos has lethal ramifications for the health of the people exposed to it, which has led the Illinois state law to ban the use of the mineral. But, if you feel that you’ve been exposed to it—aware or unaware of its presence in the environment you worked in—then you can seek legal help with an Illinois mesothelioma lawyer because businesses who still use asbestos should be brought to justice for exposing unassuming and ordinary people to the dangerous mineral.

The mesothelioma cancer that is diagnosed at this stage can be removed via a surgery, only if the patient is eligible for it. Usually, it is recommended to have Surgery, Chemotherapy, and Radiation.

The symptoms for stage-1 mesothelioma include:

  • Coughing
  • Fever
  • Chest Pain
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Abdominal Pain

If a patient feels any of these potential symptoms of mesothelioma, they should immediately seek medical care. If the cancer is diagnosed at this stage, the life expectancy of the patient is 21 months or longer than that. Furthermore, the two-year survival rate is 41-46%.

2- Stage 2 Mesothelioma:

It is the stage where the cancer starts to slowly spread beyond the Pleura into the tissues and organs. The main development that occurs at this stage is that the tumor spreads to the membrane that is lining the chest cavity and the Lymph nodes.

Nevertheless, it is not a spread that cannot be reversed and the prognosis can still be encouraging. If the mesothelioma is diagnosed at the second stage, the two-year survival rate of the person is approximately 38%.

3- Stage 3 Mesothelioma:

Most mesothelioma patients are diagnosed at this stage. The tumor has spread substantially by this stage and has entered the tissues, organs, or lymph nodes. The prognosis at this stage is not promising. However, there is still a possibility for tumor-removing surgery. The two-year survival rate for Stage-3 mesothelioma ranges from 26%-30%.

4- Stage 4 Mesothelioma:

At stage-4, the mesothelioma tumor has spread (metastasized) to distant organs and tissues. As the tumors spread through various parts of the body, surgery no longer becomes an option.

The cancer usually spreads into the bones, the lining of the abdomen, liver, lungs, and the nearby lymph nodes. The aim of the treatment options here is to lengthen the patient’s time left to live. The survival rate for stage-4 mesothelioma is typically a year.

How Can the Prognosis for Mesothelioma be Improved?

1. Multimodal Treatment Plan:

It is fundamentally the combination of more than 1 treatment method used in treating mesothelioma. The multimodal treatment helps increase the survival rates and time in patients. Typically, the combination of treatments will include Surgery, Chemotherapy, and Radiation.

2. Clinical Trials:

These include the newest treatment methods developed for treating mesothelioma patients. They are the latest and well-researched therapies that are not being widely used yet, but show promise during clinical trials.

Researchers develop new methods over the years and then use them in clinical trials. The purpose of these trials is to treat the disease and to stop it from recurring. Globally, huge numbers of clinical trials are treating mesothelioma patients.

There are various clinical trials available. The most common ones include:

  • Treatment Trials: These trials examine different ways to treat mesothelioma. This includes testing of new drugs, multimodal treatments, and processes. There are several new chemotherapy drugs being prepared to provide more targeted radiation.
  • Screening Trials: These trials examine ways mesothelioma can be detected at an earlier stage in the body. Early diagnosis considerably increases the prognosis of the cancer.
  • Prevention Trials: These trials examine ways the mesothelioma can be prevented to recur in a patient.

3. Healthy Lifestyle:

There are stories where the estimations on survival rates given to patients were proven wrong, and the patients managed to lived up to a decade after they were given only months to live. Beating the odds when diagnosed with mesothelioma requires some lifestyle changes.

The first thing is to incorporate a healthy diet. A healthy diet not only provides you with the physical energy to fight off the disease but also helps you have positive thoughts.

Next, it is also advised to exercise regularly. It is also recommended to take part in activities, such as yoga, meditation, or massages.

Nevertheless, there are going to be good days and not-so-good days. Finding a support group is always a good option to explore when you might need some support to fall back on or words of encouragement in times of desperation.

The presence of individuals who can understand what you are going through can always bolster your confidence.

Conclusion:

Mesothelioma is a complicated disease. The cure doesn’t exist yet. However, there are different ways through which the prognosis can be improved. The early screening of the disease provides a lot of room for exploring different treatment options, and the survival rate is higher as well. There are many researches being conducted globally to improve treatment, screening, and prevention of the disease. Lastly, on a personal level, it is advised think positively and focus on altering your lifestyle for the better. Incorporate healthy habits that can improve your physical and mental health and be with the people who support you.


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