Harvest Cannabis Perfectly with These Tips!
The cultivation, production, and use of Cannabis have been quite controversial in our society during the past years since it is seen as an unlawful psychedelic drug by the authority. However, recent studies like the Cannabinoids and Epilepsy in Neurotherapeutics by Rosenberg, E.C., Tsien, R.W., and Whalley, B.J. have shown that Cannabis has health benefits.
As the demand and plea of certain groups reach higher-ups, some states or countries have now legalized Cannabis. Thus, if you have the freedom to plant and harvest this type of plant, then here are some of the tips that you might want to know!
Harvesting Can be Tricky
The first thing that you should know is that harvesting cannabis can be one of the trickiest parts of growing the plant. Why? Harvesting it too soon might result in non-potent Cannabis, or if it was collected too long, then you might end up with an overly narcotic product that has a robust taste—which should be avoided altogether.
Make sure that you read many harvesting guides such as this or compare it to other articles found on GreenBudGuru's Cannabis Harvesting Guide to know more about taking care and reaping the plant.
Tip No. 1: Timing is the Key
The basic knowledge of how you can perfectly harvest your cannabis plant is to know when to reap it. Timing is essential in reaping the plant since it determines the cannabinoid levels in your buds. Now, depending on your goal when you planted the Cannabis, you still would want to maximize the THC or CBD level when gathering.
To avoid harvesting mistakes, make sure that you are familiar with your cannabis' ready-to-reap signs. In this case, the most apparent hints are the intense smell of the plant; pistils turning red; broadening of the stem; darkening or browning of the resin on the buds, and its leaves are changing into a yellowish color and starting to wilt.
Tip No. 2: Use a Magnifier for Trichomes
Trichomes play an essential part in Cannabis since they are the ones that produce the cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes, which makes the strain potent and effective.
For those unfamiliar with what trichomes are, it is those tiny little crystals that seem to cover the leaves and buds of a plant. These blankets of frost tend to be shiny and sticky, which carries a fantastic aroma.
Now, the tip in deciding to harvest Cannabis is to use a magnifier to look at the trichomes. You may use a jeweler's loupe or something similar to inspect it thoroughly. The following characteristics and signs of trichomes will help you know the maturity of the plant:
- If the trichomes are in the shape of a mushroom or flathead, they have not fully developed and have not been potently enough.
- If the trichomes are milky, then it indicates that the THC is at its peak.
- If the trichomes turn into a light brown, then the CBD is at its peak, and a significant THC has degraded. When harvesting at this point, it may lead to a high narcotic.
Tip No. 3: Basing Harvesting on Flowering Time
Another way to know when is the best time to harvest Cannabis is its flowering time. As a rule of thumb, all cannabis plants are ready to harvest simultaneously, considering its variety and specific strain. However, in using this kind of method effectively, you need to know your strain.
Indica Strain Harvest. Indica strains are typically short and fat, which yields more than the other Sativa counterparts. This type of strain is famous for its shorter flowering period than the others, making it a popular choice. Now, if you are growing this type, expect its flowering period to be around 8 to 12 weeks.
Sativa Strain Harvest. Sativa's characteristics are known to be tall and lanky that grows in short and consistent periods. As for its flowering time, it has a shorter vegetative cycle than the others. However, if the plant begins to flower, it can be harvested around 10 to 12 weeks after.
Another thing that you should know regarding the Sativa is its 16 weeks flowering time, which is not unheard of, but, is only natural to take the said duration of flowering time, especially when it is a pure strain. Averagely, the pure sativa's growing period is around six months.
Hybrid Strain Harvest. The hybrid strain is a blend of Indica and Sativa cannabis strains, wherein both of their traits are present in this one cannabis plant strain. Like the Sativa strain, hybrids can grow quickly and have shorter flower periods common to pure Indica strains. For hybrid strains, its flowering time is around 6 to 10 weeks until it is ready for harvest.
Remember that your pot plants are highly dependent on their type and the conditions in which you are growing. Thus, if you are growing it outdoors, you should consider the climate as one of the factors.
Harvesting cannabis plants can be quite challenging, but through knowledge and practice, you may be able to get it eventually without much of a sweat. Remember, each cannabis strain is different from its counterparts; thus, make sure that you know your cannabis' variety for you to grow and perfectly harvest it at the same time.