10 Steps to Growing Quality Cannabis
After a lifetime of hanging around to get a good joint, the decision to grow your own cannabis comes into your life and thus enter the wonderful journey of having control over what you smoke, which, ultimately, must be rich and pure to fulfill its purposes. Grow shops abound throughout the city of Buenos Aires and in the interior of the country, to which it is always wise to turn to deepen the subject.
Advantage? Many: When you grow your own, you avoid both the mediocre and harmful husk, as well as the absolute absence of it. The process itself is rewarding, you become self-sufficient and enter the fantastic world of plant love also you can use is as bubblegum cookies from.
There are many procedures, methods and techniques, but there are also steps and conditions that are common to all ways of doing it. Here they go:
1. Choose the Type of Crop:
Autumn is coming in the southern hemisphere and you have to choose between doing it indoors or outdoors. If it is outside, you need auto flowering seeds yes or yes; indoors, you can use ordinary feminized seeds.
2. Choose or Prepare the Place:
- Outside: keep two things in mind: avoid curious people and have a minimum of five hours of sun.
- Inside: provide light, air and take care of the environment (temperature and humidity).
3. Whether they are auto flowering seeds or not, you can choose between Sativas and Indica:
Sativas bring a more cerebral and exciting mambo, produce less and have longer flowering times. On the other hand, the indicas take less time to flower, they produce more and their effect is more physical, they relax more.
4. Germinate the Seeds:
If you decided on autoflowering, you have to germinate them, once you have the buds they go to the final pot (their size, 20 liters maximum). On the other hand, if they are common feminized, you should do two transplants between germination and flowering. The greater the number of roots, the greater the number and size of flowers. But the plants suffer stress when transplanted which, in the case of autoflowering plants, can lead to dwarf plants.
5. The Vegetative Period Begins:
If you chose autoflowers, it simply means putting the pot in as much sun as possible. This type of cannabis is regulated by the internal biological clock, so you don't have to worry about the photoperiod. If you opted for common feminized plants, you can put small pots (2 or 3 liters) and when you see roots poking out from the bottom, transplant them into pots two or three times larger.
If you use autoflowering, you will see that your cannabis begins to flower in a period of four to six weeks; You just have to change their diet from a fertilizer rich in nitrogen (suitable for vegetative growth) to one rich in phosphorus and potassium, vital for a good development of the flowers. If you chose the common ones, in addition to changing the diet, it is time to make the last transplant to the final pot, which should have a capacity between 50 and 100 percent greater than the previous one. Again, you need proper nutrients for flowering, rich in phosphorous and potassium. It is very important to reduce the number of hours of light to 12 per day (the best: use a timer that does it automatically).
7. End of Flowering:
Both in the autoflowers and in the common ones, the procedure is the same. You have to wash the roots and monitor the ripening point of the flowers; In both cases, when there are two weeks before the cut, you will water them with plenty of water, without fertilizers. To check the point of maturation, it is necessary to control two aspects: the color of the pistils and that of the trichomes (containing the psychoactive substances in cannabis). The pistils (if the plant is mature) turn from white to brown. The trichomes (small glands that look like crystals and cover the flower) change from transparent to whitish and then amber. This is best seen with a watchmaker's loupe.
When more than 50 percent of the pistils are brown, and as many of the trichomes, whitish, the flowers are at their point of maturity. If you wait longer (when the pistils are already brown or the trichomes are amber) the flowers are overripe, which will cause a heavier, more bodily effect; it is not inconvenient, it only changes the effect. Keep in mind that, even after being cut, plants continue some biochemical processes, so it is a good idea not to wait until the last minute to cut them.
You can then cut the flowers with scissors, leaving a piece of stem to hang them upside down from. Before hanging them, using a pair of scissors, cut off all the smaller leaves that protrude from the flowers themselves; These are covered in trichomes, making them a great option when your flowers run out. They are much better to smoke than any pressed. Hang the flowers on the stems, upside down, in a dark, cool and dry place, separated from each other. Do not stack them, it will cause them to mold and spoil.
Between 7 and 14 days, the flowers will have dried enough to start curing (you can check if they are at the right point by manually breaking the stems from where you hung them; if they split like a match they are at the right point; if they bend , they lack drying).
Cannabis, like wines, gets better with some parking. For this, you can use glass jars or wooden boxes for curing. In the first case, make sure they are clean and free of any odor. I simply put the dried flowers in the jar, close it with its lid and store them in a cool place, away from light; At the beginning, the first two or three weeks, you should open the bottles for about 10 minutes a day so that the gases escape and fresh oxygen enters. If you are going to use wooden curing boxes, you can open them every two or three days, monitoring the Hygrometer (clock that shows the relative humidity inside the box), trying to keep it at 50 percent humidity. These types of boxes usually contain a humidor (small capsule or receptacle) that you can wet if the humidity drops below 50 percent or leave it dry if it is above.
Depending on the wood the boxes are made of, the boxes can add notes to the cannabis they contain (cedar, frankincense, sandalwood are common options), giving cannabis more complex aromas and flavors. Once the curing process has begun, the cannabis is ready to be consumed, although, as with wines, the longer it spends in the box, the more interesting and complex the flavors and aromas will be. The peak of curing occurs between 8 and 12 months.Your brain must be watering by now. Welcome to self-cultivation. To smoke!