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Eating Disorders 101:
Different Types of Eating Disorders

The burden to be skinny could feel domineering in our current society. Eating disorders are typical among girls and women in the population. 

Did you know that study proves eating disorders are more prevalent among women having diabetes than women who don’t have it? Nonetheless, women with Type 1 diabetes are twice as likely to experience disordered eating patterns. 

In the majority of cases, eating disorders take place with other psychiatric disorders such as drug and alcohol abuse issues, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic, and anxiety. A study proves that heredity might play a role in why specific individuals develop the condition. However, these conditions also afflict people who don’t have any history. 

You will find typical types even though there are various types of eating disorders. Many individuals having a dysfunctional connection with eating and their bodies have a disease falling into one of the following classes: 

1. Anorexia Nervosa 

Anorexia nervosa is an eating illness branded by weight loss. It results in improper body weight and a single body image. Individuals who are suffering from this eating disorder limit the volume of calories and types of food they consume. 

A few people are suffering from this disorder practice spontaneously. They remove food by vomiting or use laxatives and might binge eat, as well.

The objective is fast weight loss or maintenance of a riskily low weight. The effects of this disorder could be extremely deadly. People suffering from the condition for a long time will: 

  • Be focused on weight, body shape, and caloric intake
  • Not have their menstrual cycle
  • Perceive themselves as fat even if they’re underweight
  • Fear of being perceived as fat 
  • Have an unhealthy body weight for their activity level, height, and body type 

2. Bulimia 

Similar to Anorexia Nervosa, individuals suffering from this eating disorder consume a big volume of food in a short time (binge eating). They then take the necessary action to remove the food from their body by over-exercising, not eating for a long time, or vomiting. 

Individuals suffering from this eating disorder might: 

  • Diet continuously 
  • Binge and purse regularly 
  • Obsess over their body weight 
  • Eat impulsively when they binge and consume food out of control 

3. Binge Eating Disorder 

Binge eating is the practice of eating well afar the point of fullness. It is the most typically diagnosed eating disorder in the US. Signs of a binge eater include: 

  • Have difficulty with anxiety, depression, and feelings of isolation 
  • Try to diet often
  • Might be obese or overweight 
  • Feel out of control when eating 

4. Rumination Disorder 

The disorder is a type of eating disorder in which individuals unintentionally and repeatedly divide undigested or partially digested food from the stomach. They chew it again and then either spit it out or swallow it again. 

The Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center said that this condition happens within fifteen to thirty minutes of eating food. 

It allegedly tastes normal and is not acidic because the food has not yet been processed. Common signs of rumination disorder are: 

  • Repeated regurgitation of food
  • Weight loss
  • Tooth decay and bad breath 
  • Repeated indigestion and stomach aches 

5. Pica

Pica is another eating condition wherein individuals consume non-food items. Flaking paint, clay, and dirt are the most typical items consumed. Less common objects include feces, cigarette ashes, hair, and glue. This eating condition is more typical in kids. It affects ten percent to thirty percent of young kids ages one to six. 

Common signs of this condition include: 

  • Bowel problems like diarrhea and constipation 
  • Blood in the stool
  • Stomach pain 
  • Stomach upset 

6. Avoidant Restrictive Food Intake Disorder 

It is an eating condition, which is categorized by a tireless failure to meet the correct energy or nutritional requirements. It’s more than simply “picky eating.” The real prevalence of this eating disorder is still being planned. However, initial estimates recommend it might impact as much as five percent of kids. 

Common signs include: 

  • Losing weight
  • Very slow eating
  • Fear of vomiting or choking
  • No longer gaining weight 
  • Delayed growth or no growth 

Other Common Eating Disorders 

Several eating conditions, many scientific journal reports are less typical. Some of these are: 

  • Excessive Exercise 
    A person might do too much exercise to burn calories and accomplish unhealthy weight loss.
  • Laxative Abuse 
    It involves too much use of laxatives to become thinner and lose weight, even though it’s not an eating disorder.
  • Unspecified Feeding or Eating Disorder
    It’s a disorder where an individual doesn’t meet the standards for any specific eating disorder. However, it shows the same signs and psychological distress.
  • Other Specified Feeding or Eating Disorder
    People with this condition have the symptoms of anorexia and bulimia but don’t meet the requirements for either illness.
  • Orthorexia 
    It involves the obsession with eating healthful foods. Medical experts don’t categorize it as a condition. 

Treatment Options for Eating Disorders

Eating disorders could illustrate the connection between physical and emotional health. Individuals suffering from such conditions must seek medication as soon as possible. The diseases could raise the risk of both psychological disorders and physical health complications. 

The kind of eating disorder a person has will identify the treatment. Normally, people get one or more of these treatments: 

  • medical care and monitoring
  • nutritional counseling
  • medications like mood stabilizers, anti-psychotics, and antidepressants
  • psychotherapy that might include cognitive behavioral therapy or family counseling

Do you notice a loved one with such an eating condition? Try to motivate them to speak to their physician. A physician might refer them for psychiatric or psychotherapy treatment. On top of that, they might make a referral to a specialist center for such conditions. 

Bottom Line 

Eating disorders are typical among individuals living in America. Familiarity with the signs could help you determine the conditions. Keep in mind that these eating disorders need preliminary treatment to avoid added psychological problems and health complications.

Individuals who think they might have the condition must see their physician who will help them direct to the proper healthcare services. Mostly, the appropriate treatment could help individuals make a complete recovery. 

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