These Are the Different Types of Cannabinoids
Around the world, around 200 million people smoke marijuana. This s a 60% increase in the last 10 years!
Obviously, more and more people are recognizing the power of cannabis and what it can do for them healthwise. Not only does it give a euphoric high and relaxation, but it can also help with pain, appetite stimulation, and more.
How does marijuana do this? Through the beauty of cannabinoids.
In this article, we'll discuss the different types of cannabinoids available. That way, you can make a wiser choice when it comes to cannabis products.
What Are Cannabinoids?
You might be wondering, "what are cannabinoids?" So before we get into the different types available, let's first define what a cannabinoid is.
A cannabinoid is a type of compound that binds to your endocannabinoid receptors. The main ones in your body are the CB1 and CB2 receptors, which are found respectively in your brain and immune system.
Your body actually produces its own endocannabinoids. The two main ones identified by scientists are anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG).
The different receptors and endocannabinoids react differently in your body to have different effects, such as regulating your metabolism, motor control, sleep, liver function, stress, mood, appetite, and more. The homeostasis of all these functions happens naturally.
However, you can get some extra help by ingesting cannabinoids, which can be found in cannabis. In fact, there are anywhere between 60 to 100 different cannabinoids that have been identified by scientists!
The Different Types of Cannabinoids
As we've just mentioned, there is a wide variety of cannabinoids out there. But there are actually only a few that are of interest to people, especially if you're using marijuana for its health benefits.
The main cannabinoids you should know about include THC, CBD, CBG, CBC, and CBN. The most famous one is THC, as it's the one cannabinoid that can get you high. You might've also heard of CBD, as it's recently become super-popular in the market.
As for the other cannabinoids, perhaps you're not familiar with them or have a vague idea of them. In any case, read on to find out more about each one.
THC is perhaps the most famous cannabinoid there is out there. If someone mentions weed, then you'll most likely associate the compound THC (or tetrahydrocannabinol) with it!
As we've said above, THC is the compound that gets you "high" when you use marijuana. You'll get feelings of euphoria, relaxation, and even laughter.
In addition, THC has a wide variety of health benefits. It's been used to help with sleep disorders, epilepsy, pain, mood, and digestion.
This is why marijuana's gained traction in the last decade or so. People started to realize that it wasn't just a "stoner" drug that people could use for the sole reason of getting high. You could also use it for relief from a variety of ailments.
The other well-known cannabinoid is CBD, or cannabidiol. The reason why it's gained so much traction recently is because people like to use marijuana for the health benefits, but don't want to feel impaired by the "high." Considering THC is the only real cannabinoid that gets you intoxicated, CBD is an excellent alternative to THC because of this.
Why is this? Well, not only is CBD not intoxicating, but it also offers pretty much all the same benefits that THC does. So for instance, if you wanted to get pain relief, you could take CBD for it and still go to work just fine.
Do note that if you're worried about drug tests, THC is what makes you fail them. CBD products still have some THC, but just very little amounts.
Legally, they must have under 0.3% THC in them. But unfortunately, many lower-quality brands may not be very careful and can have more than 0.3% THC. This can cause you to fail your drug tests.
CBG (cannabigerol) is another cannabinoid that's gaining the interest of scientists, much like CBD has in recent years. It's also non-psychoactive like CBD, but you only find a very small amount of it in cannabis.
Currently, scientists think that CBG is showing promise in helping illnesses like Crohn's disease, glaucoma, cancerous tumors, and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
CBC (cannabichromene) is similar to CBG in that it's not psychoactive and also found in smaller quantities in cannabis plants. Why are we interested in it? Because it's key in neurogenesis and neuroplasticity, which are essential functions of your brain.
Another reason why CBC has garnered interest is because it has anti-inflammatory properties, just as THC and CBD do. However, what's interesting is it bypasses the endocannabinoid receptors and can have anti-inflammatory effects without binding to them. There's a theory that it can have an amplifying effect when combined with other cannabinoids.
Lastly, there's CBN, or cannabinol. This is actually a psychoactive cannabinoid, but when you compare it to THC, it barely has an effect.
CBN is actually created through the oxidation of THC. So when you keep marijuana for some time, if you run an analysis on it, you'll notice a decrease in THC and an increase in CBN.
Currently, there needs to be more research done on CBN before we know for sure what benefits we can get from it.
Know the Kinds of Cannabinoids Out There
By reading this article, you'll now have a better understanding of the different types of cannabinoids out there.
For most people, the main types of cannabinoids they should be interested in are THC and CBD. This is considering that CBD gives almost the same effects as THC, except without the psychoactive effects. So if you want to gain all the benefits of weed but without feeling high, then CBD is certainly the better choice for you.
For more reads like this one about cannabinoid options, please browse the rest of our blog section now.