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What’s the Difference Between CBD and THC?


Every cannabis user should be aware of the difference between CBD and THC.

THC and CBD are both cannabinoids (natural chemical compounds) derived from the cannabis plant. Although they share the same chemical formula (21 carbon atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms and 2 oxygen atoms), they are different in many ways. 

First, there is a difference in the way those atoms are arranged, which gives THC and CBD certain properties that affect your body differently. The most important distinction is that, unlike THC, CBD has no intoxicating effects. But that doesn’t mean that CBD cannot offer an effect. Read more to learn about each of the different types of cannabis products so you can choose the right one for you. 

THC: definition and properties

THC stands for tetrahydrocannabinol, an intoxicating and psychoactive active compound found in cannabis. This is the most well-known compound of the plant, responsible for a variety of sensory and psychological effects, from euphoria to dizziness and greater amusement. 

Of course, if you are interested in trying cannabis for medical reasons, the goal is not to experience intoxication or euphoria. Still, it’s important to know that those effects usually depend on the dose. 

Variations of the dose can produce opposite effects for patients. In that sense, side effects can vary greatly from patient to patient. For instance, low doses of THC can relieve anxiety, and high doses can exacerbate it. 

CBD: definition, properties, and benefits

CBD (short for cannabidiol) is the other most well-known cannabis chemical compound. It’s a natural substance that in recent years has received more attention for its therapeutic potential: it can impart a feeling of relaxation and calm with anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effects. Also, unlike THC, CBD oil is not a psychoactive substance.

CBD can also block some of the intoxicating effects of THC, keeping it from activating some cannabinoid receptors in the brain. This makes the psychoactive effects less intensive.

In that sense, cannabis consumers often report less feeling of anxiety and paranoia when they consume products with CBD and THC combined, as opposed to products that contain just THC. That is why CBD and THC combined products are a great way for starting your cannabis journey.

However, it is important to remember that while CBD and THC are often delivered together in a CBD product, they have different effects, depending on the levels of each compound they have.

Also, CBD itself can offer some effects. Concentrated CBD may produce a relaxing experience, reducing pain and inflammation and lowering blood pressure. 


How do you get CBD or THC?

There are a lot of different types of THC and CBD products on the market, with pros and cons of each. The important thing to know is that there’s no one-size-fits-all solution when choosing a cannabis product

The right form depends on a variety of factors, including tolerance, budget and the kind of feeling you want. The different THC products available are flowers, concentrates, edibles, tinctures or topicals. 

On the other hand, as it is gaining momentum in the health and wellness world, CBD is available in a variety of other forms, such as gels, supplements, gummies, and oil. Some companies are even developing CBD suppositories.

When it comes to choosing a CBD-based product suitable for your specific needs, the variety of products on the market can make things a little difficult. You need to understand the different product types to choose the right one.

How to choose cannabis products

Although CBD and THC are generally considered safe (with a minimum risk of some negative side effects from THC) with no possibility to have a fatal overdose after using them, it is always important to buy products from a reputable company. There’s high potential for mislabeling, with many companies out there that sell those products without any thought or concern about customer safety. 

Viewed in this way, always read the label of the product to check the right levels of THC and CBD for your specific needs, and to look for potentially harmful ingredients.

Also, remember that both good and bad reviews can help you be more discerning as you search for quality products. The information a review provides can help you avoid an inferior product or service, or it can lead to better ones.

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