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Dermatitis: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Dermatitis is an inflammatory skin disease that occurs due to exposure to various kinds of allergic substances. This disease is based on immediate or delayed allergic reactions. Substances of a biological, physical, or chemical nature can act as provoking factors. 

Dermatitis is the most common skin pathology. This happens due to constant exposure to various environmental factors in everyday life and large-scale industrial production and agriculture conditions. 

New chemical compounds, synthetic materials, and various production factors lead to the fact that the world's situation is deteriorating. The incidence of dermatitis, especially of an allergic nature, is increasing. 

Classification of Dermatitis

Dermatitis is classified into two main categories: atopic and allergic. The first one is transferred to a person from parents while the latter is caused due to allergic reactions. The contact or allergic dermatitis is also caused by using e-cigarettes.

There have been many cases in which liquids such as riot squad e-liquids cause skin inflammation to the infected person. Hence, those facing this skin disease should be careful while vaping as their hands are at higher risk of getting an allergic reaction.

Dermatitis of any type can do the following to the skin:

  • Swelling
  • Irritation
  • Discoloration
  • Itchiness
  • Redness

Stages of Dermatitis:

There are three stages in which dermatitis appear:

  1. Acute: This is the first stage of dermatitis. The burning and redness appear immediately after meeting with an allergen and disappears after a while. 
  2. Subacute: This is the second stage of dermatitis, and the skin becomes scaly. The reddening and burning are more intense in this stage.
  3. Chronic: Occurs when repeated interaction with an allergen over time. At this stage, the symptoms stay for months and get severe.

Why Dermatitis Occurs?

The most important function of any person's skin is protective. And if the skin is exposed to aggressive substances or immunity decreases, its protective functions are reduced. For this reason, dermatitis occurs.

Most dermatitis is accompanied by symptoms such as inflammation, redness, itching, burning, fever at the site of inflammation, a feeling of heat at the site of inflammation, or blisters. The disease can become unbearable; therefore, go to a nearby doctor for a skin examination as soon as the symptoms appear.

Causes of Dermatitis

The development of the disease is based on the impact of exogenous and endogenous factors. These factors have been listed below:

1. Exogenic Factors:

These factors include those things which come in contact with the skin from the external environment:

  • Mechanical (cracks, abrasions)
  • Physical (high or low temperature, UV rays) 
  • Chemical (acids, alkalis, heavy metal salts)

2. Endogenic Factors:

It includes the internal factors which lead to dermatitis:

  • Hypo- and Hypervitaminosis (deficiency of folic acid)
  • Metabolic disorders 
  • Endocrine disorders
  • Taking medications 
  • Violations of the rhythm of nutrition. 


Therapeutic measures should be aimed primarily at eliminating etiologically significant factors (irritant, parasites). This is done by diet correction, complete elimination of sucrose from the diet, special skincare, and prescription drugs. Treatment of dermatitis should be comprehensive; otherwise, the desired recovery may be difficult to achieve. 

Complex treatment of dermatitis involves the following:

  • Antihistamines (drugs to cure allergies)
  • Reception of sorbing agents (remove allergens from the body) 
  • The use of cosmetic products for external use. They will help to restore the protective functions of the skin. 
  • Topical corticosteroids (applied no more than 2 weeks) 
  • Non-hormonal ointments
  • Anxiety medications
  • Restoration of the gut microbiome with appropriate drugs 

Treatment of dermatitis should be prescribed by a specialist only after an accurate diagnosis. Therefore, get a proper check-up from the doctor during the initial stage. It will be easy to cure in the first stage; later, it will become a time-consuming process.

Final Words

You should not self-medicate. There are many severe diseases that have similar symptoms, and only a doctor can make an accurate diagnosis. And improper treatment can be a threat to the patient's life, especially for a child.

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