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Cause of Sinus Infection, Risks Involved in It and Its Various Treatments

Sinus infection, also known as sinusitis, is a major problem, as 134 million people in India suffer from chronic sinusitis as per a report. Sinusitis is the inflammation of sinuses, which is caused by fluid blockage which generally happens due to cold, allergies, small growths in the lining of the nose called nasal polyps, or a shift in the nasal cavity called a deviated septum.

For children, it can be caused by cold, pacifiers, illness from other kids, bottle drinking while lying on the back, or smoke in the environment.

Symptoms of sinusitis can be fever, cold, runny nose, nose congestion, bad breath, dental pain, loss of smell, facial pain, stuffed up nose, cough or congestion, and pus in the nasal cavity. If the symptoms last till 12 weeks, a doctor check-up is highly recommended.

Risks

Although most cases of sinusitis are non-complicated, in a few cases, it can pose a huge threat to the health of a patient. Some of the risk factors include:

  • A deviated nasal septum leads to the uneven placement of the tissue running between nostrils
  • A series of seasonal allergies
  • Weaker immune system
  • Nasal polyps
  • Sensitivity to dust, animal hair
  • Infection of the eye and its surrounding tissues
  • Sinus cavity blood clot called thrombosis
  • Brain abscess
  • Frequent headaches
  • Build up of mucus inside the lungs called cystic fibrosis
  • Respiratory tract infections

Sinusitis treatment is highly recommended in any of the aforementioned cases, as it can vastly improve the quality of life, if undergone at early stages.

Treatment

Antibiotics
Antibiotics are the standard sinusitis treatment usually given for the course of 3 to 28 days. Since sinuses are deep-seated into the bone with a very limited blood supply, antibiotics take a little longer to show effect. Antibiotics eliminate the bacteria causing sinuses, but till the time it's eliminated, symptoms might continue to appear, which is why it is important to complete the course.

However, if even after the course the infection is not resolved, you might want to visit the doctor for another alternative for sinusitis treatment.

Nasal Sprays
Nasal sprays help in removing the blockage and drainage of fluid leading to the opening up of the nasal passages. Nasal sprays should be used for not more than 3 to 4 days, as overuse of nasal sprays can create a dependency that is harmful in the long run.

Nasal Saline Washes
Nasal saline washes also help in clearing out the nasal passages.

Antihistamines
Antihistamines block the inflammation caused by allergies.

Nasal decongestants and antihistamines
Nasal decongestants and antihistamines are over-the-counter combination drugs that can be taken, along with antibiotics, which should only be used if prescribed by the doctor. They contain some drying agents which help get rid of sinus infection.

Surgery
Surgery is the last resort among all sinusitis treatments. Surgery is performed by an otolaryngologist under local or general anaesthesia, which doesn’t require patients to stay overnight in the hospital.

Surgeries such as these can burn a hole in your pocket, which is why health cards have been doing well in this area. Health cards like Bajaj Finserv Digital Health EMI Network Card come to aid in such situations, as the card can be used in over 1,000 cities, even if you have a card from one particular city. Bajaj Finserv Health EMI Card has a wide network of 5,500+ partners, including multi-specialty hospitals, dental care clinics, stem cell institutes, diagnostic care centres, hair restoration clinics, slimming & wellness centres etc., and it can be used to avail 800+ medical treatments at the aforementioned networks. This card also gives you a complimentary personal accident cover worth Rs. 1 lakh.

Apart from that, this card helps you to distribute your health care expenses, allows you to avail EMIs, and a single card can be used for your whole family. How to apply health card online is not a difficult question, as the process is easy, requires no documentation, and gets activated instantly. Once you apply for the card, you get a fully digitally issued card with flexible tenors of up to 24 months, and you will have your go-to solution for all your medical expenses without paying from your pocket.


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