What Do Brain Injury Rehabilitation Services Include?
Brian injury rehabilitation services are vital for patients who are dealing with symptoms - both mental and physical - from a head injury.
These symptoms can be severe and can significantly reduce a patient's quality of life after the accident.
To best help the patient after head trauma, it is beneficial to use as many brain injury rehabilitation services as possible under the guidance of rehabilitation specialists.
What Is Brain Injury Rehabilitation?
Injuries that cause brain damage are serious accidents that can have lifelong symptoms or effects.
To help prevent or ease both temporary and permanent symptoms, rehab is needed. This is a crucial part of recovery after a head injury that can help a patient with both physical and mental problems after the damage. Contact Everest Rehabilitation Hospitals to learn more about brain injury rehab.
Common symptoms after a brain injury include:
- Concentration issues
- Memory issues
- Slurred speech
- Personality changes
After a brain injury, the patient's body can encounter certain complications. These include:
- Blood clots
- Pressure ulcers
- General pain
- Breathing issues
- Muscle weakness
- Muscle spasms
- Blood pressure drops
- Bowel problems
- Bladder problems
- Sexual dysfunction
Brain injuries are most often caused by falls. These accidents can do a lot of damage depending on how the brain was impacted - whatever the case, rehab can prevent complications and ease symptoms from the accident.
What Are Its Main Goals?
The main goal of brain injury rehabilitationis to prevent any lifelong complications or symptoms for the patient. Also, rehab can make a patient’s life easier in the temporary as well - these accidents can cause significant mental symptoms that make it difficult to operate or live independently.
Brain injury rehabilitationcan help patients:
- Mitigate both the mental and physical symptoms and problems caused by the accident.
- Improve their ability to function on a day-to-day basis.
- Deal with their injury and symptoms by offering emotional support.
- Adapt to lifestyle changes that arise during recovery after an accident.
It’s important to note that rehab for a brain injury occurs after immediate treatment. Brain injuries may require emergency treatment, intensive care, surgery, and hospital recovery - after the immediate care is over, that’s when rehab is introduced.
What Do Brain Injury Rehabilitation Services Include?
There are two types of rehabilitation - inpatient and outpatient.
Inpatient rehabilitation is when the patient checks into rehab services and is attended to by a team of physicians, therapists, nurses, and other medical personnel.
This is a more ‘intensive’ therapy program since the patient is at the facility 24/7. This allows the patient to receive around the clock care from a number of different specialists and medical staff.
Considering the severe nature of a brain injury, patients will likely begin with inpatient rehab. Once they get better, they might switch to outpatient.
Inpatient brain injury rehabilitation will usually cover these three therapies:
- physical therapy
- speech therapy
- occupational therapy
Physical therapy is key forbrain injury rehabilitation.
After a brain injury, patients may have issues ‘getting back on their feet’ and restoring their movement capabilities to normal function. Physical therapy is implemented to improve motor function and reduce physical disabilities, which helps the patient work towards regaining their independence.
Physical therapy treatment for brain injury patients can include:
- Balance training
- Cardiovascular exercises
- Strength exercises
- Range of motion exercises
- Aquatic therapy
- Wheelchair training
- Transfer training
- Pain management
- And more.
Restoring communication capabilities in a brain injury patient is key to regaining independence and function.
There are many therapies designed to get patients back to their pre-accident level of communication ability. Speech therapy usually requires long-term and intensive treatment which is why this type of therapy is often found in inpatient programs.
Speech therapy can include:
- Dysarthria treatment (helping patients improve speech coherence, breath support, mouth/jaw/tongue muscle power, etc.).
- Aphasia treatment (helping patients voice sounds, slow speech, and enunciate words properly).
- Social language therapy (help patients read nonverbal cues, such as facial expressions and body language).
After a brain injury, patients may have trouble returning to work, school, or other duties. This is due to the balance, memory, coordination, and decision-making capabilities that are negatively affected after serious head trauma.
So, occupational therapy is implemented to help the patient return to work or school successfully.
Every brain injury and patient is different, so typical therapy activities will vary.
Some examples include:
- Assist memory with planners and calendars.
- Shape environment to assist the patient.
- Teach social skill techniques.
- Train family members or others on how to help the patient.
- Provide cognitive training exercises.
- Help patients relearn domestic activities (make food, shop, etc.).
This is an important part of therapy after a brain injury that helps the patient return to normal life.
Outpatient rehab for brain injury victims helps the patient after they leave the hospital or their inpatient program.
If the patient was previously in an inpatient program, this is a continuation of their treatment with less of a ‘hands-on’ approach. If they are coming straight from the hospital, this means their injury wasn’t severe enough to require an inpatient program - outpatient rehab is recommended to help them recover.
The patient is expected to perform physical, speech, occupational, and other forms of therapy on their own time.
Usually, patients will need to meet regularly with a medical professional to consult and update progress.
What Results Can Be Expected After a Qualified Brain Injury Rehabilitation?
It is beneficial for patients to use as many brain injury rehabilitation services as possible in order to get the broadest range of treatment possible. The best rehab results for brain injury patients is achieved as a result of an integrated approach to rehabilitation.
Recovery after a brain injury can be a lifelong ordeal, although many patients will completely or almost-completely recover thanks to rehab.
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