Types of Climate Chambers
Climate Chambers are also known as environmental test chambers. They are special instruments which are designed to test the performance and efficiency of a product or material under various circumstances. Those circumstances can vary from being normal to extreme conditions. These chambers work by simulating real life conditions which a product may experience. These environmental factors are temperature, humidity, altitude, pressure, vibrations and many more. Climate chambers have played a vital role in engineering field. It has helped many industries achieve success of unexpected heights by highlighting the product’s faults early on time. It has also been used by many scientists for research purpose to understand the behavior of various materials under various environmental conditions.
Many companies design climate chambers by adding heaters and refrigerators for temperature setup. Humidity is controlled by steam engines. Altitude level is controlled by pressure valves. This is done for accurate environmental simulations for the tested product. It has many types which are for different purposes. Each aims to solve a particular problem. Climate chambers have many applications in aerospace, electronics, automotive and many more industries. This article aims to discuss various types of climate chambers.
Types of Climate Chambers
Due to the diverse and versatile use of climate chambers, we get to have many types of it. Every type has its own importance. Every one of them aims to solve a particular problem. Following are some of the types of climate chambers that are widely used.
Temperature chambers are used to simulate temperature conditions for the products in a specified range. They are amongst the most common type of climate chambers. They are designed to test the behavior of various products in normal and extreme temperatures. They also test the thermal stability, properties and thermal reactions of the products. Temperature chambers may render the temperature ranges from -80 degrees to +200 degrees. They test the products by increasing as well as decreasing the temperature.
Humidity chambers are used to determine the humidity levels for the product under testing. They develop various humidity conditions. They vary from high to low humid conditions. These humidity levels may range from 10% to 98% (in some cases 100%) humid levels. They have equipment like humidifiers, dehumidifiers and humid sensors to control and monitor humidity. These chambers are extremely beneficial in electronic components, to test cracking and biological growths etcetera.
Altitude chambers are used to determine the product response to high altitudes. It is also known as Hypobaric Chambers. It has pressure control systems and vacuum systems to control the atmospheric pressure. It decreases the pressure inside the chambers to test product’s efficiency at high altitudes. It is very useful in aerospace industry and space technology to test the behavior of various components at extreme heights.
There are many low scale labs which test their products under various factors. For them it gets difficult to access mammoth chambers due to their tight budget. The solution of this problem is what we call Benchtop Chambers. These are small sized machines which test products under various environmental simulations. Due to their compact size, it gets very easy to move them. This makes their mobility and access very easy.
Walk-in chambers are by far the biggest chambers used in industries. They are used to test very large products and components. They render all real life simulations. They can also be customized in order to meet the requirements and stipulations of the product. It is said that walk-in chambers are so big that an entire car can be fit in it.
Thermal Shock Chambers
Thermal shock chambers are a special category of temperature chambers. They are used to test products or components by subjecting them to extreme and rapid temperature variations. These are mostly beneficial in aerospace and automotive industries where these conditions occur virtually daily. They aim t0 test the thermal stress and strain conditions of the product in intense environment. It usually has two chambers, one hot and one cold. This is done to quickly shift the product from one temperature extreme to other temperature extreme.
Combined Environmental Chambers
Combined environmental chambers are used to test the product under various distinct conditions. They can simulate temperature, humidity and altitudes for the products at the same time. This is helpful to understand the product’s efficiency when it experiences multiple environmental factors simultaneously. It has many applications in aerospace industries.
To sum up, climate chambers are used to simulate and provide precise conditions to test the workings of a product. This helps in understanding the design flaws and material choice of the product under various conditions. By comprehending various types of climate chambers, scientists and engineers can make intelligent decisions before the product enters market for consumers.