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The Four Main Types of Academic Writing

The Four Main Types of Academic Writing

The famous German professor said, “If you want to change the world, pick up your pen and write”. But, students might have a different version of it “If you want to change the grade, pick up your pen and write”. There are some important skills a student has to learn as they go from one level to another in their academic journey.

Among all the skills, writing is one of the most important ones. Every student must perfect their writing skills. It helps them to succeed in academics, also in various relevant aspects of life. Sadly many students don’t know how essential it is and what academic writing is. They feel anxious when they hear the word “academic” especially the new college students. Due to this many students opt for the dissertation help UK -based online websites for their academic tasks.

So, you must know the various types of academic writing to score well in every task. Before that, you should know what academic writing is.

What Academic Writing Is

It is defined as

“A Formal, concise, clear, and focused writing backed up by evidence and its purpose is to benefit the reader’s understanding. It does not involve the use of complicated vocabulary and long sentences”.

There are 4 main types of academic writing.

  1. Descriptive
  2. Analytical
  3. Persuasive
  4. Critical

Let’s go through each one of this one by one.

Types of Academic Writing

1. Descriptive Academic Writing:

It is one of the simplest forms of academic writing. The purpose of the writing is to deliver the facts and figures. It is characterized by descriptions of events, places, emotions, experiences, and so on. A student is asked to analyze something and to define it in words.

Descriptive writing is not about giving descriptions only. A student should convey the in-depth meaning through this academic writing. This can be done by using the adjective and adverbs to add more details into the story. This type of writing helps the reader to go into the world of a writer. The descriptive academic assignment includes identity, report, record, summarise, and define.

2. Analytical Academic Writing:

This type of academic writing focuses on the analysis and shaping of the information. To make your work look well structured you must give plenty of time to organize all the materials. The things that need to be applied in analytical academic writing are.

  • Analyzing
  • Inspecting
  • Comparing
  • Relating

The analytical writing includes charts, diagrams, and tables that help the reader to perceive the information in a better way. Things should not be mixed, everything should be explained in separate paragraphs.

3. Persuasive Academic Writing:

This type of writing includes the opinion of the writer. A persuasive essay should include the elements of the analytical essay, along with your opinion. The introduction needs to be strong and engaging that can grab the reader’s attention.

The claim made by the writer should be supported by a set of evidence such as a reference or published sources. A student must read previous researches on the given topic and study different opinions on it. It's important to choose trustworthy supporting evidence to prove your point. Make sure to present logical arguments in a clear tone.

4. Critical Academic Writing:

Critical academic writing is somehow similar to persuasive writing except for one thing that is to consider other points of view. When students deal with critical writing assignments, they need to look through the eyes of other people. Critical academic writing includes:

  • Discussion
  • Assessment
  • Disagreement
  • Critique

This academic writing requires exceptional writing skills and a lot of practice. A student must understand the topic first and the issues. You can buy phd dissertation if you are facing any issues in critical analysis writing. Examples of critical writing assignments include a literature review that finds the strengths and weaknesses of the existing research or an analysis of a journal.

Master the Academic Writing to Ace the Assignments:

To score high in all academic tasks. A student should know and master all the forms of academic writing. Keep in mind to follow all the dos and don’ts of academic writing. Now that you know all the forms of academic writing, you can produce an exceptional piece of assignment. Good Luck!!


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